Strathclyde Business School
Department of Human Resource Management

What is HRM?

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What exactly is Human Resource Management?

What we say HRM is...

What is HRM? - list of possible answersThe study of human resource management is concerned with the nature and regulation of the employment relationship and is a field to which a variety of disciplines contribute, notably sociology, psychology, and industrial relations. The subject covers areas of work and employment as diverse as...

  • Equal opportunities
  • Recruitment in work
  • Career development
  • Rewards
  • Motivation
  • Employee relations
  • Training
  • Power and influence

What others say HRM is...

The Handbook of HRM:

"...characteristics typical of HRM include line responsbility for people management; an intergrating, 'business-based' approach to human resource processes; individualism rather than collectivism; and proactive people strategies aiming, for example, to develop increased employe commitment and morale. These are themes which many would feel are highly relevant to current trends in the labour market and the management of organizations." Ward Griffiths in The Handbook of Human Resource Managment - Brian Towers (Blackwell Publishers; 2Rev Ed edition (Oct 1996))

Bratton and Gold (1st year text):

"...a strategic approach to managing emloyment relations which emphasises that leveraging people's capabilities is critical to achieving sustained competitive advantage, this being achieved through a distinctive set of integrated employment policies, programmes and practices"

Small Business Bible:

"HRM has a great impact and is interrelated to an enterprise's success and performance. Human resource management includes the components like employee's involvement and authorization, job planning, team work production system, and how to deal with employees and their requirements."

Development of hrm

"The last twenty years or so has seen the rise of what has been called the Human Resource Management (HRM) new orthodoxy (Guest 1998; Bacon 2003; Marchington and Wilkinson 2005). In the mid-1980s in the UK, and earlier in the US, the term HRM became fashionable and started gradually to replace others such as 'personnel management', 'industrial relations' and 'labour relations'. The practitioners of people management are no longer personnel officers and trainers but are HR managers and human resource developers (and importantly line managers). The 1990s saw the launch of new journals and the flourishing of university courses in HRM. The then Institute of Personnel Management, the main professional body for Personnel practitioners, re-launched its journal People Management, but ubtitled it 'the magazine for human resource professionals'. The millennium has now witnessed the professional body receiving a Royal Charter to become Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development. The HRM bandwagon is well and truly rolling."

Contemporary Human Resource Management: Text and Cases

by Adrian Wilkinson & Tom Redman
FT Prentice Hall; 2Rev Ed edition (14 Nov 2005)