Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM)
The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) research program is an annual assessment of the national level of entrepreneurial activity. Initiated in 1999 with 10 countries, it has progressively expanded its coverage and in 2012 conducted comparative assessments of entrepreneurial activity rates in 69 countries.
GEM focuses on three main objectives:
- To measure differences in entrepreneurial attitudes, activity and aspirations among economies.
- To uncover factors determining the nature and level of national entrepreneurial activity.
- To identify policy implications for enhancing entrepreneurship in an economy.
The Hunter Centre has played a significant role in the international organisation of GEM since 2000 and is responsible for the Country Report for Scotland and, jointly with Aston Business School, the UK Report. During that time, GEM Scotland Reports have covered special topics including:
- Financing of Entrepreneurship
- Entrepreneurship, Gender and Age
- Ethnic & Immigrant Entrepreneurship in Scotland
- University Spinouts and Finance for Start-ups
- Home-based Entrepreneurship
- Education and Training for Entrepreneurship
- Social Entrepreneurship
In 2012, over 200,000 people were surveyed in 69 economies. These 69 economies represent not only the largest sample yet, but also the most geographically and economically diverse group surveyed. Together, this group covers around 74% of the world’s population and 87% of the world’s GDP. The GEM studies are the largest of their kind and provide a unique insight into and a wealth of national features and characteristics associated with entrepreneurial activity.
To download the latest GEM Global report and special topic reports, please click on this link. GEM UK and Scotland reports are downloadable below.
GEM 2012 -
GEM 2011 -
GEM 2010 -
GEM 2009 -