‘International Health Organizations (IHOs): The History for the Future Network’


Thursday, April 21st, 2016

9.00 am  Tea and Welcome


9.30 am - 10.30 am

Keynote:  Anne-Emanuelle Birn, University of Toronto

Little agenda-setters: Uruguay's international child protection institute and the resonance of its rights approach to child health, 1920s-1940s.

Chair: Iris Borowy, Shanghai University


10.30am - noon, Members and Remits

Chair: Thomas Davies, City University London

David Bryan, Birkbeck, University of London

‘The danger of political connections for a technical institution’: Franco’s Spain and the battle for universal membership at the birth of the WHO.

John Manton, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

Health Planning in 1960s Africa: International Health Organisations and the post-colonial state

Yong-an Zhang and Jinghua Qiao, Shanghai University NATO’s Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society and the Governance of Air Pollution, 1969-1974


Noon-1pm, Lunch

1pm-2.30pm, Pioneers and Careers 1

Chair: James Mills, University of Strathclyde

Francisco Javier Martínez Antonio, Universidad de Évora Portugal

An individual affair? Sven Hedin, Hans Langlet and the intervention in Morocco’s Rif War of the International Committee of the Red Cross.

Caroline Reeves, Harvard University Entrepreneurs and International Health Organizations: The Case Study of Shen Dunhe, founder of the Red Cross Society of China

Giulia Frezza and Mauro Capocci, Sapienza Università di RomaGlobal Epidemiology: the development of Collegium Ramazzini as an International Health Organization


2.30pm, Tea

3pm-4.30pm, East Asian contexts 1

Chair: Wataru Iijima, Aoyamagakuin University Tokyo

Jingjing Su and Zhang Daqing, Peking University Center for the History of Medicine

Localization of World Health Organization Essential Medicine in China: From International Notion to National Policy

Waka Hirokawa, Senshu University Epidemiological Research and Missionary Work for Hansen’s Disease in Modern Japan

Tomoko Akami, The Australian National University

Self-help as a double-edge sword for national reconstruction and inter-colonial governance in Asia: the League of Nations Rural Hygiene Conference of Bandung 1937 and its implications for the post-war international health in Asia’


5.30pm Dinner

Friday, 9.30am - 10.30am

KEYNOTE: Iris Borowy, Shanghai University

International Health Organizations and Hazardous Waste: why was it waste and why was it hazardous?

Chair: Martin Gorsky, LSHTM


10.30am-noon, Pioneers and careers 2

Chair: Zhou Xun, University of Essex

Thomas Davies, City University London Rethinking the Origins of International Health Organizations: The Case of Lifesaving Societies

Yuting Zhao, Peking University and Yuantao Huang, Durham University

A shared history: Frank Boudreau, Fred Soper, philanthropy and international health organizations

Min Fanxiang, Nanjing University

Positioning Founding Fathers: Locating the Creators of WHO


Noon-1pm Lunch


KEYNOTE: Martin Gorsky, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

The Politics of Health System Metrics, 1924-2000

Chair: Anne-Emanuelle Birn, University of Toronto


2.00pm Tea

2.30-4pm, Food and Drugs

Chair: Willem Scholten, WHO

John Collins, London School of Economics

Keeping out ‘The Impractical Social Uplifters’ : Avoiding the ‘Health and Welfarisation’ of Global Drug Control, 1945-1961.

Maziyar Ghiabi, University of Oxford

Prohibitionist globally, harm reductionist locally: the UNODC in Iran

Érico Silva Muniz, Universidade Federal do Pará (Belém/PA) Brazil

Drink milk, avoid manioc! Nutrition knowledge and the proposals for workforce improvement in Brazil (1940-1960).


4pm-5.30pm, East Asian contexts 2

Chair: Gao Xi, Fudan University

Junfeng Cui, Hebei University

The Medical Missionary Association of China: East Asian histories.

Zihui Zhang, Shanghai University

The Shanghai Incident and the Medical-Relief of Japanese Residents in Shanghai

Ge Tao, Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences

Development of Medical and Health Services of Modern Japan in Shanghai


6pm Dinner


8.30am Tea


9am -10.30am, After the Second World War

Chair: Mike Liu, Academia Sincia, Taiwan

Sławomir Łotysz, Polish Academy of Sciences

Spreading the strains of life. International Health Organizations and the dissemination of penicillin production methods in the early Cold War era.

Arnel Joven, University of Asia and the Pacific, Philippines

The Red Cross in a Divided Korea: From Wartime Health Crisis to Post-War and Contemporary Developments

Kayo Yasuda, Tokyo Metropolitan University

The Establishment of the Post-war International Health Organisation: The Role and Ideas of its Founders.


9am-10.30am, Diseases

Chair: Tomoko Akami, The Australian National University

Wataru Iijima, Aoyamagakuin University Tokyo

Success and Failure: A comparative analysis of schistosomiasis japonica control in Japan, China and Philippines in the twentieth century.

Keiko Daidoji, Keio UniversityThe Fear of Disease from Within: the Discovery of Dysentery Careers and the Rise of Ecological Epidemiology in Early Twentieth-Century Japan.

Pavel Ratmanov, Far Eastern State Medical University Russia

WU Lien-Teh Institute, Harbin Medical University

Chinese-Russian Plague Expeditions in Transbaikal region



10.30am to Noon, East Asian contexts 3

Chair: Daqing Zhang, Peking University

Zhou Xun, University of Essex

A critical re-examination of the Anti-Schistosomiasis Campaign in Mao’s China, 1952-1976.

Meng Zhang, Peking University

The Rockefeller Foundation and Governmental Medical Education in Republican China: A Case Study of the Early History of Peking University Health Science Centre.

Mike Liu, Academia Sincia, Taiwan

Eating well for a stronger state: Nutrition experiments in the Sino-Japanese War, 1940-1945.

10.30am to Noon, Drugs

Chair: John Collins, London School of Economics

Willem Scholten, former Secretary, WHO Expert Committee on Drug Dependence

Substance evaluation for the international substance control conventions 1912 – present

James Mills, University of Strathclyde

The Opium Conferences and Cannabis: Drugs, health and the League of Nations in 1925.

Emily Crick, University of Bristol

Leading from the front: how international health bodies have been leading the way in challenging the status quo on drug policy.


Noon Lunch

1pm Trip to Linjiang Park War Museum