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What is Open Access?

Unrestricted access via the internet to peer reviewed scholarly research, incuding: 

  • Journal Articles
  • Conference Proceedings
  • Book Chapters
  • Monographs
Why is Open Access Important?

•Maximises the dissemination and visibility of research worldwide


•Makes work accessible to other researchers


•Available to everyone, not just subscribers and those who pay for content


•Increased visibility and citations


•Increases effectiveness and efficiency of the research process, by providing easy access to research previously undertaken.


•Most research is publicly funded and therefore should be available to the public without cost


•Increased visibility and citations


•Increased innovation and economic growth driven by access to the latest research


•Increased opportunities for collaboration and the wider sharing and use of research information


•To comply with funders funding policies - such as RCUK and COAF


•To meet the requirements for eligibility of submission in the post-REF2014

What is an Institutional Repository?

An institutional repository is an online service for collecting, preserving, and disseminating (in digital form) the intellectual output of an institution.

At the University of Strathclyde the institutional repository is Strathprints.

Institutional repositories:

  • Provide open access to institutional research output by enabling researchers to deposit their research;
  • Help to create global visibility for institutional research;
  • Collect content in a single location;
  • Store and preserve other institutional digital assets, including unpublished or otherwise easily lost ("grey") literature such as working papers or technical reports.

Most institutional repositories also adhere to a number of technical protocols to ensure they are highly visible to search agents, such as Google Scholar.

Depositing your research in Strathclyde's institutional repository is achieved via Pure, the University’s Current Research Information System.

Versions - Pre Print, Accepted Author's Manuscript, Publisher's PDF and More!


This is generally a version that has not been through the peer-review process (this version is not acceptable for HEFCE's OA Policy)

Accepted Author's Manuscript (AAM (also known as post-print, author's final version))

This is the peer-reviewed version accepted by the publisher for publication but before any journal style has been applied or any copyediting or proofreading has been done.

This is the version that is required to meet HEFCE's OA Policy and most funder's policies.

Note: For HEFCE purposes - Where a publisher does not operate peer-review, the AAM is considered to be the final version of the manuscript submitted to the publisher for publication.

Publisher's Version or Published Journal Article or Version of Record: This is the final published article.

Most publishers do not allow for this version to be made available open access unless an article processing charge has been paid.

 The University of Strathclyde requires that the Accepted Author's Manuscript is deposited in PURE immediately upon acceptance. 



What are hybrid journals?

Hybrid journals are subscription journals that offer authors the option of publishing Open Access articles. These journals combine closed access articles (access by subscription only) with Open Access articles.

This model requires the payment of a publishing fee (article processing charge (APC)  to the publisher in order for their work to be made open access.

What is a DOI?

DOIs (Digital Object Identifiers) are unique alphanumeric combinations assigned to an electronic article.

A DOI will never change, so you can use it as a permanent link to any electronic article or dataset.

DOIs can be made into links by adding before the DOI number.

The link will then take you to the abstract of the article, with options to access the full-text.

DOIs can be located using the DOI look-up site at:

What is an ORCID?

ORCID is an open, non-profit, community-driven effort to create and maintain a registry of unique researcher identifiers and a transparent method of linking research activities and outputs to these identifiers.

ORCID provides two core functions:

  1. A registry to obtain a unique identifier and manage a record of activities
  2. APIs that support system-to-system communication and authentication. ORCID makes its code available under an open source license, and will post an annual public data file under a CC0 waiver for free download.

These identifiers, and the relationships among them, can be linked to the researcher's output to enhance the scientific discovery process and to improve the efficiency of research funding and collaboration within the research community. 

For more information: Orcid

What is an embargo?

A length of time that publishers can make authors wait before they are allowed to make their research output available as open access.

The length of embargo periods varies.

HEFCE requires that embargo periods do not exceed:

  • 12 months - Panels A and B (STEM)
  • 24 months - Panels C and D (Humanities)

RCUK require that embargo periods for any research they have funded do not exceed:

  •  6 months - STEM
  • 12 months - Humanities

If my research outputs are available in an external repository/personal/departmental website, do I still need to deposit these in PURE?

Yes, all research outputs should be deposited in PURE.

PURE will be used for our submission to the next REF, we can only report on research outputs that are in PURE.

Once you have deposited your research output in PURE, you can use the link from Strathprints for personal websites/departmental websites and subject/external repositories - this will ensure that if there is a change, that once the change is made in PURE this will be done automatically for any other links.

Social networking sites like and ResearchGate are not repositories and do not provide the same sorts of services, such as preservation and making sure your article is abdiding by publisher's polices and findable by Google Scholar and other scholarly search engines.

Who can I contact for help/further advice?


 Open Access

Pablo de Castro
Open Access Advocacy Librarian

 Telephone Ext:  4666

 PURE  Email:

Christine Gallacher
Pure Systems Administrator

 Telephone Ext:  4503
Research Data Management Email:
   Telephone Ext:  4581