Professor Paul James Cardwell


Personal statement

I joined Strathclyde as a Professor in Law in February 2017, having previously worked at the University of Sheffield as Deputy Head of School and Director of Internationalisation.

My research interests cover the European Union and the law and policy of its external relations, with a particular focus on migration and democracy promotion. I have published widely in these areas, including two books and articles in leading journals. I am also investigating the consequences of the UK's departure from the EU, particularly with regard to EU external relations and migration.

I am a Principal Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (HEA) and am recognised for my expertise in internationalisation across learning, teaching and the student experience. I have researched and written on this topic, with a particular emphasis on the positive impact of studying abroad.

I am an Honorary Fellow of the Europa Institute, University of Edinburgh, and have held visiting posts at Sciences Po Paris and the University of Zagreb (Croatia).


Principal Fellow, Higher Education Academy (HEA)

PhD, University of Edinburgh

Diplôme d’Etudes Approfondis (French Master’s Degree in Political Science), Institut d’Études Politiques, Université de Bordeaux, France

LLM (by research), University of Warwick

LLB Law (European), University of Warwick


Research Handbook on the Politics of EU Law
Cardwell Paul James, Granger Marie-Pierre
EU external relations and international law : divergence on questions of 'territory'?
Cardwell Paul James, Wessel Ramses A
Framing Convergence with the Global Legal Order (2020) (2020)
Emotion, not economics : the 'Australian-style' points system
Cardwell Paul James, Da Lomba Sylvie
The end of exceptionalism and a strengthening of coherence? Law and legal integration in the European Union post-Brexit
Cardwell Paul James
Journal of Common Market Studies Vol 57, pp. 1407-1418 (2019)
Naviguer en eaux inconnues; les défis rencontrés par la recherche juridique au Royaume-Uni à l'heure du Brexit
Cardwell Paul James
Revue critique de droit international privé Vol 7, pp. 335-352 (2019)
The European parliament and development cooperation : democratic legitimacy of the 'low politics' of EU external relations
Cardwell Paul James
Journal of European Integration (2019)

more publications


European Union Law and Policy, Constitutional Law, Migration.

Research interests

I have published widely on European Union law and politics. My first book, EU External Relations and Systems of Governance: the CFSP, Euro-Mediterranean Partnership and Migration, was published by Routledge in 2009 and I subsequently published an edited collection on EU External Relations Law and Policy in the Post-Lisbon Era (Asser Press/Springer, 2011). I am particularly interested in EU (external) migration management and democracy promotion and have published on these topics in leading journals including European Law Review, JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, European Foreign Affairs Review and International Migration. More recently, I have begun to examine the consequences of the Brexit referendum on current and future UK-EU relations. I received funding (2016) from the ESRC's UK in a Changing Europe initiative to run a project on the significance of external relations in the referendum debate.

I also have research interests in higher education and internationalisation. I am currently working on a project looking at the academic achievement of students who have spent part of their degree studying abroad.

I would be delighted to receive enquiries regarding PhD research in any of these areas.