Professor Ashraf Salama


Personal statement

I am Professor of Architecture and Director of Reseach and former Head of the Department of Architecture at the University of Strathclyde (2014-2020).  My experience spans across six countries in four continents. It involves lecture-based teaching in the area of human-environment interaction, studio teaching at various levels, research, professional practice, research-based consulting, and PhD Supervision. For over twenty years I have been involved in both academic and professional life in Egypt, United States, United Kingdom, the Middle East. My work and research have been focusing on curriculum development and design studio teaching practices, transformative and critical pedagogy, sustainable architectural and urban design, with a strong emphasis on the impact of socio-cultural factors in shaping the built environment.

See list of publications on Strath Database and Strathprints. Also see research cluster CRAUCGS, or profile, and research projects.

Selected Recent Publications, Presentations, and Research Projects

Latest Research Projects

Latest Books

Latest Refereed Journal Papers (abbreviated titles)

Latest Book Chapters

Latest Keynotes / Public Lectures / Conferences

Prizes and awards

Honorary Visiting Professor, Faculty of Design and Architecture, University Putra Malaysia
Appointed Member: the Steering Committee of the Education Commission and Validation Council, International Union of Architects
Gold Medal, Society of Egyptian Architects, Cairo, Egypt
2017 UIA Jean Tschumi Prize for Excellence in Architectural Education and Criticism
Invited Visiting Professor - Distinguished Visitor Program at the University of Central Lancashire
Professor and Head of the Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, University of Strathclyde

More prizes and awards


Professor of Architecture

Fellow Royal Society of the Arts (FRSA) since 2009; Fellow Higher Education Academy (FHEA-Recognition Scheme) since 2009; Affiliate Member RIBA since 2008; Licensed Architect (Egypt/Middle East) since 1987; PhD in Architecture 1995 (Channel Exchange Fellowship: Al-Azhar University and North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC. USA).


On open house international, the open building approach and Nicholas Wilkinson
Hurol Y, Salama AM
Open House International Vol 45, pp. 343-371 (2020)
Architectural Excellence in Islamic Societies : Distinction Through the Aga Khan Award for Architecture
Salama Ashraf M, El-Ashmouni Marwa M
Routledge Series of Architecture and Urbanism in the Global South Routledge Series of Architecture and Urbanism in the Global South (2020)
Polyphonic narratives for built environment research
Salama Ashraf M, Hurol Yonca
Open House International Vol 45, pp. 3-22 (2020)
Reconstructing Urban Ambiance in Smart Public Places
Abusaada Hisham, Salama Ashraf M, Elshater Abeer
Contemporary architecture of Cairo (1990–2020) : mutational plurality of "ISMS", decolonialism, and cosmopolitanism
El-Ashmouni Marwa M, Salama Ashraf M
Open House International Vol 45, pp. 121-142 (2020)
Investigating land use dynamics in emerging cities : the case of downtown neighbourhood in Doha
Ibrahim Hatem, Salama Ashraf M, Wiedmann Florian, Aboukalloub Bassma, Awwaad Reem
Journal of Urban Design Vol 25, pp. 387-411 (2020)

More publications


My academic experience includes teaching courses on architectural programming/briefing, design methods and theories, applications of socio-behavioral studies in design, sustainable urban conservation, and architectural, urban, and community design studios. My teaching places emphasis on evidence-based design, critical inquiry, and active and experiential learning.  My position in teaching is that architectural education is not simply the imparting of knowledge and skills necessary for practice, but it involves the development of values, ideologies, and cultural and philosophical positions. My teaching emphasizes that future professionals need to be able to comprehend the environment as having multiple realities by understanding values, preferences, and lifestyles of people, as individuals and in groupings—people who will perceive, live, learn, work, and entertain in those environments.

Current Teaching Activities:

  • PG: Criticism, Assessment and Research Methods in Architecture and Urbanism (CARMAU)
  • PG: Cultural and Behavioural Factors in Architecture and Urbanism
  • UG Dissertation Supervision
  • Contribute lectures in Urban Design and Cultural Studies
  • Master Thesis Supervision
  • PhD Supervision



Latest Publications / Presentations on Architectural and Design Pedagogy



Research interests

My research interests and experience cross the boundaries of disciplines and involve theories and methodologies of design studio teaching in architecture and urban design; typological transformations in traditional architecture/urban spaces; sustainable design processes; environmentally sustainable tourism development; sustainable schools; workplace environmental quality; assessing designed environments from socio-cultural and users' perspectives; adaptive urbanism and the spatial practice of cultural groups within cities; livability and diversity in urban environments; and investigating architecture and urbanism in emerging cities in the global south. Within these topics I have sustained a substantial record of funded research. See Strath Database and Strathprints. Also see list and outlines of research projects, publications, activities, and research cluster CRAUCGS

  • PhD Examination Experience: I have examined doctorates at: 
  • Ain Shams University, Egypt (2009);
  • Cardiff University, UK (2016 & 2018);
  • Curtin University, Australia (2011);
  • Deakin University, Australia (2013 and 2015);
  • German University in Cairo, Egypt (2018)
  • Nazarbayev University, Astana, Kazakhstan (2016);
  • Queensland University of Technology, Australia (2013 and 2018);
  • Robert Gordon University, UK (2016);
  • Technical University of Munich, Germany (2009);
  • University of Malaya, Malaysia (2011, 2014, 2017);
  • University of Strathclyde, UK (2014 - present);
  • University of Wolverhampton, UK (2015);
  • University Putra Malaysia, Malaysia (2009, 2012, 2016);
  • University of Toronto, Canada (2012);
  • University of Western Australia (2018).

Professional activities

Post Covid-19 Adaptive Strategies in the Mediterranean Region, Union of Mediterranean Architects (UMAR).
Keynote/plenary speaker
IAPS 2020, RUNNING OUT OF TIME - Setting the pace for future generations
After coronavirus: how seasonal migration and empty centres might change our cities
International Virtual Conference, COVID-19: Multidisciplinary Challenges & Practices
Keynote/plenary speaker
Between Demystifying Doha and Building Migrant Cities in the Gulf, Interview
The Spatiality of the Social, Implications in Architecture and Urbanism

More professional activities


Navigating COVID-19 related transitions and transformations of economically marginalised women entrepreneurs within urban poor communities of the Greater Cairo Region in Egypt (GCR).
Nicolopoulou, Katerina (Principal Investigator) Salama, Ashraf (Co-investigator) Christine Samy Aziz Habib, C (Research Co-investigator) Mohamed, Sherine (Researcher) Horgan, Donagh (Researcher) Whitfield, Caroline (Researcher)
GCRF Scottish Funding Council COVID-19 Response Award
Global Engagement Fund Sustainable Entrepreneurship and Cultural Heritage in the area of Greater Aswan, Egypt
Nicolopoulou, Katerina (Principal Investigator) Salama, Ashraf (Co-investigator) Christine Samy Aziz Habib, C (Co-investigator) Horgan, Donagh (Co-investigator)
Global Engagement Fund
01-Jan-2019 - 31-Jan-2020
GCRF Pump Priming Re-Enterprising the 'Forgotten Villages of Greater Cairo'
Nicolopoulou, Katerina (Principal Investigator) Christine Samy Aziz Habib, C (Co-investigator) Drakopoulou Dodd, Sarah (Co-investigator) Salama, Ashraf (Co-investigator) Rogerson, Robert (Co-investigator)
Re-enterprising the ‘Forgotten Villages of Greater Cairo’. The project explores women's micro and social entrepreneurship within challenged and marginalised informal settlements in Greater Cairo, as a potential solution to tackle challenges of sustainable water resources for these communities using a holistic framework of entrepreneurship, architecture, urban planning and social innovation.
01-Jan-2018 - 31-Jan-2019
KA107 staff and PhD students mobility with the University of Belgrade, Serbia
Dimitrijevic, Branka (Principal Investigator) Salama, Ashraf (Co-investigator) Grierson, David (Co-investigator)
3 academics and 2 PhD students involved in mobility activities
01-Jan-2018 - 31-Jan-2020
Sustainable Development for Ecotourism.
Grierson, David (Principal Investigator) Salama, Ashraf (Principal Investigator)
01-Jan-2018 - 01-Jan-2021
The Quality of Urban Life in Sub-Sharan African Cities
Salama, Ashraf (Academic) MacLean, Laura (Post Grad Student)
01-Jan-2016 - 01-Jan-2019

More projects