Professor Sara Carter

Associate Principal

Learning & Teaching

Personal statement

I am Professor of Entrepreneurship and Associate Deputy Principal (Learning & Teaching).

My research focuses on entrepreneurship and the small business sector, and my current projects examine the effects of business ownership on the economic wellbeing of entrepreneurial households, the structure and dynamics of business households, and access to and use of external finance particularly within under-represented business populations, such as female business owners. I am a member of the UK Enterprise Research Centre and theme lead for work relating to Diversity & SMEs.

My research area has policy implications, and I am a member of The Scottish Government's Strategic Group on Women and Work, co-Chair of the British Bankers' Association Diversity & Inclusion Business Council, and Non-Executive Director of Women's Enterprise Scotland. I also served on the UK Government's Women's Enterprise Task Force. I have been Visiting Professor at the Nordland Research Institute, Norway for several years.

Recent work has been published in Entrepreneurship Theory & Practice, British Journal of Management, Small Business Economics and Long Range Planning.


Has expertise in:

    • Entrepreneurship
    • SMEs
    • Access to finance


Keeping it in the family : financial rewards in family firms
Carter Sara, Welter Friederike, In : Family Entrepreneurship (2015)
The irrational benefits of small business ownership : constructing economic well-being in business-owning households
Carter Sara, Alsos Gry, Ljunggren Elisabet, In : Small Business in a Global Economy (2015)
Entrepreneurial families and households
Alsos Gry, Carter Sara, Ljunggren Elisabet, In : The Routledge Companion to Entrepreneurship (2014)
Enterprise policymaking in the UK : prescribed approaches and day-to-day practice
Arshed Norin, Carter Sara, In : Government, SMEs and entrepreneurship development No. new, pp. 61-74 (2012)
The effect of enterprise policy on female business ownership : an institutional perspective
Arshed Norin, Carter Sara, In : Frontiers of entrepreneurship research 2011 Vol 31, pp. 299-300 (2012)
Carter Sara, Jones Evans Dylan, In : Enterprise and small business No. 3rd, pp. 1-6 (2012)
Gender and entrepreneurship
Carter Sara, Marlow Susan, Bennett Dinah, In : Enterprise and small business No. 3rd, pp. 218-231 (2012)
Introduction : researching entrepreneurship in agriculture and rural development
Alsos Gry, Carter Sara, Ljunggren Elisabet, Welter Friederike, In : The handbook of research on entrepreneurship in agriculture and rural development pp. 1-20 (2011)
Does Education matter? : The characteristics and performances of businesses started by recent university graduates
Mason Colin, Tagg Stephen, Carter Sara, In : Entrepreneurship Research in Europe pp. 13-33 (2011)
Women empowering women : female entrepreneurs and home-based producers in Jordan
Al-Dajani H., Carter S.L., In : Women entrepreneurs and the global environment for growth pp. 118-136 (2010)

more publications


I teach on the Strathclyde MBA, New Venture Creation (NVC) and Entrepreneurial Leadership and Management (ELM), and supervise MBA projects.

I supervise PhD candidates in the areas of SMEs and economic well-being, resource access, family business and entrepreneurial leadership.

Professional activities

Diversity & Inclusion Business Council
Speech to the OU Teaching Awards Nominees
Hosting PhD Candidate for 6 months (Shihui Chen, Ellen)
Advisor to the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Women and Enterprise
Research Advisory Board Lancaster University Centre for Family Business
Diversity & Inclusion Business Council

more professional activities


Entrepreneurial Leadership Co funded PhD studentship
Carter, Sara (Principal Investigator)
Period 01-Oct-2013 - 30-Sep-2016
ESRC Enterprise Centre
Levie, Jonathan (Co-investigator) Carter, Sara (Principal Investigator)
Period 01-Jan-2013 - 31-Dec-2015
Entrepreneurship, Income and Wealth
Carter, Sara (Principal Investigator)
Period 01-Jul-2010 - 30-Apr-2011

more projects