Dr Antonio Cardesa-Salzmann




Personal statement

I am a Lecturer in EU Environmental Law at the Strathclyde Law School, where I am researching and teaching international and EU environmental law.  As a researcher, my main interest lies in assessing how legal systems, from global and comparative perspectives, interact and contribute to, or hinder, more sustainable patterns of social reproduction. De/coloniality and critical perspectives on ‘global’ law are important perspectives to my teaching and research.
My recent work is developing along two specific lines of research. One focuses on the subjectivisation of ecosystems and Nature as an emerging trend in comparative environmental law. Another seeks to develop critical, socio-legal perspectives on the complex relationship between sustainability and tourism, which is a globally burgeoning economic sector with major -increasingly contested- social and environmental impacts.
More generally, I have an established track-record of published research about the compliance with and enforcement of international environmental law and, more specifically, of multilateral environmental treaties. My recent publications in this field discuss the respective remits and performances of international courts and treaty-specific compliance procedures.
After joining the Strathclyde Law School, I have also engaged extensively in knowledge exchange activities. These have focused on the implications of the UK’s decision to leave the EU on environmental law and governance in Scotland, as well as the sentencing of environmental crimes in Scotland. I have also collaborated with the UN Environment Programme for the development of CPD materials on the international legal framework for the protection of the ozone layer.

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Prize And Awards

Juan de la Cierva Fellowship

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PhD, University of Barcelona

LLM, University of Barcelona

Diplôme des Hautes Études Européenes et Internationales, Institut Européen des Hautes Études Internationales (Nice, France)

LLB, University of Barcelona

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Towards the bottom-up pluralisation of public international law : revisiting the role of inter-judicial dialogues on rights of nature between courts in the Global South
McEntee Iona, Cardesa-Salzmann Antonio
2024 ESIL Research Forum on "Revisiting Interactions between Legal Orders" (2024)
Reflections on international environmental adjudication : international adjudication vs. compliance mechanisms in multilateral environmental agreements
Cardesa-Salzmann Antonio
The Environment Through the Lens of International Courts and Tribunals (2022) (2022)
Multispecies lawscapes in the anthropocene : priorities for a critical, constitutional turn in climate change and biodiversity law
Offor Iyan, Cardesa-Salzmann Antonio
Research Handbook on Climate Change and Biodiversity Law (2022) (2022)
Brexit, the 'unwritten' constitution and the populist policy agenda of the elective dictatorship
Kenny Mel, Cardesa-Salzmann Antonio
El Brexit y sus Consecuencias (2022) (2022)
Compliance mechanisms in MEA, International Courts, and the "best-available-science" standard : discussing the pros and cons against the backdrop of the Paris Agreement
Cardesa-Salzmann Antonio
PluriCourts Research Conference on Compliance Mechanisms (2021)
Architectures of Earth System Governance in context : revisiting Marine Spatial Planning in the EU's regional seas in light of the Anthropocene
Cardesa-Salzmann Antonio, Ntona Mara
Earth System Governance in turbulent times

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I am the programme director of the LLM in Global Environmental Law & Governance, which also offers a pathway of specialisation in Ocean Law. At PGT level, I lead or co-lead the following subjects within the LLM in Global Environmental Law and Governance:

  • Global Environmental Law: Issues of Equity and Sustainability (with Dr Saskia Vermeylen)
  • Public International Law & the Environment
  • EU Environmental Law

I also contribute to modules such as ‘Environmental Treaties: Fragmentation and Regime Interactions’, ‘Fisheries Law and Sustainability’, and ‘Blue Economy and International Law’.

At undergraduate level, I lead the 'Environmental Law (Hons)' module. I have designed and will lead the new 2nd and 3rd year elective 'An Introduction to Environmental Law'. 

In the past years, I have also lectured Public International Law and led tutorials in Public Law.

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Research Interests

Global law, Public International law, EU law, comparative law, decoloniality, rights of Nature, global justice, Anthropocene

Sustainability and tourism, critical tourism studies

Regime interactions, compliance with and enforcement of multilateral environmental treaties, transnational environmental crime

EU environmental law, external environmental policy of the EU

Brexit and environmental law and governance in Scotland

Professional Activities

Towards the Bottom-Up Pluralization of Public International Law: Revisiting the Role of Trans-Jurisdictional Exchanges on Rights of Nature between Courts in the Global South
XIIth Strathclyde Postgraduate Colloquium on Environmental Law & Governance
Sustainable Development and Sustainability in International Law and Global Governance
Invited speaker
V International PhD in Law Conference
Keynote/plenary speaker
XI Strathclyde Postgraduate Colloquium of Environmental Law & Governance
La obligación de prevenir el deterioro del estado de las aguas superficiales: excepciones y derogaciones en la Directiva Marco
Invited speaker

More professional activities


The International Legal System for Sustainable Tourism Governance
Huici Sancho, Laura (Principal Investigator) Álvarez Verdugo, Milagros (Principal Investigator) Cardesa-Salzmann, Antonio (Researcher)
01-Jan-2023 - 31-Jan-2026
Development of an online intermediate level course on the International Legal Framework on Ozone Depletion
Cardesa-Salzmann, Antonio (Principal Investigator) McEntee, Iona (Researcher) Hall, Catherine (Researcher) Shetye, Aditi (Researcher) McAdam, Robbie (Researcher)
The project concerns the development of an online intermediate level course on the International Legal Framework on Ozone Depletion: the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer for the InforMEA online learning platform. The course will have to be designed as an e-learning resource adapted for self-paced learner-centered learning with engaging and interactive content.
20-Jan-2021 - 28-Jan-2022
Development of an online intermediate level course on the International Legal Framework on Ozone Depletion for the Ozone Secretariat at UNEP (InfoMEA Phase III Project - amendment)
Cardesa-Salzmann, Antonio (Principal Investigator)
20-Jan-2021 - 31-Jan-2022
SRSS Strathclyde Excellence Award PGR Studentship
Cardesa-Salzmann, Antonio (Principal Investigator) McCorkindale, Christopher (Co-investigator) McEntee, Iona (Post Grad Student)
National courts and North-South legal ecumenism. Exploring the role of transnational inter-judicial dialogue between the Global North and the Global South for the promotion of climate justice. PGR Student: Iona McEntee
01-Jan-2021 - 30-Jan-2024
UKRI CoA Covid Extension
Garvey, Brian (Principal Investigator) Portes Virginio, Francis (Researcher) Cardesa-Salzmann, Antonio (Researcher)
UKRI sponsored extension of projects affected by Covid-19
01-Jan-2021 - 30-Jan-2021
Literature Review for the Scottish Sentencing Council: Environmental and Wildlife Offences in Scotland and other jurisdictions
Cardesa-Salzmann, Antonio (Principal Investigator) Campbell, Donald (Co-investigator)
This literature review, which has been commissioned by the Scottish Sentencing Council, will summarise existing academic, legal and statistical work on the sentencing of environmental and wildlife offences. It aims to inform and support the work of the Scottish Sentencing Council, particularly its commitment to drafting a guideline on the sentencing of environmental and wildlife offences.
Amount: £ 9,609.60
11-Jan-2018 - 30-Jan-2018

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Dr Antonio Cardesa-Salzmann

Email: antonio.cardesa-salzmann@strath.ac.uk
Tel: 548 3330