Dr Antonio Cardesa-Salzmann



Personal statement

I am a Lecturer in EU Environmental Law. At present I am also Co-Director of the Strathclyde Centre for Environmental Law and Governance (SCELG) and Programme Leader of the LLM in Global Environmental Law and Governance.

Before joining the Law School in October 2016, I have taught and conducted research on international and EU environmental law in Spain, at the University of Barcelona (2002-2010) and the University Rovira i Virgili (Tarragona, 2010-2016). My main teaching and research interests lie precisely in those two areas of law. I am particularly interested in assessing how legal systems, from a global perspective, interact and contribute to (or indeed hinder) more sustainable patterns of social reproduction. ‘Global’ law is therefore an increasingly important perspective to my teaching and research.

I have also published on the compliance with and enforcement of multilateral environmental agreements. As a member of SCELG, I also engage in research and knowledge exchange activities. These have focused recently on the implications of the UK’s decision to leave the EU on environmental law and governance in Scotland, as well as the sentencing of environmental crimes in Scotland. At present, I am developing an advanced online course for the UN Environment Programme on the international legal framework for the protection of the ozone layer.

Prizes and awards

Juan de la Cierva Fellowship

More prizes and awards


PhD, University of Barcelona

LLM, University of Barcelona

Diplôme des Hautes Études Européenes et Internationales, Institut Européen des Hautes Études Internationales (Nice, France)

LLB, University of Barcelona


Multispecies lawscapes in the anthropocene : priorities for a critical, constitutional turn in climate change and biodiversity law
Offor Iyan, Cardesa-Salzmann Antonio
Research Handbook on Climate Change and Biodiversity Law (2022) (2022)
Reflections on international environmental adjudication : international adjudication vs. compliance mechanisms in multilateral environmental agreements
Cardesa-Salzmann Antonio
The Environment Through the Lens of International Courts and Tribunals (2022) (2022)
Analysis : "programmes and projects leading to only temporary and short-term deteriorations of the status of surface waters must meet exemption criteria: Association France Nature Environnement (C-525/20)"
Cardesa-Salzmann Antonio
Brexit, the 'unwritten' constitution and the populist policy agenda of the elective dictatorship
Kenny Mel, Cardesa-Salzmann Antonio
El Brexit y sus Consecuencias (2022) (2022)
Compliance mechanisms in MEA, International Courts, and the "best-available-science" standard : discussing the pros and cons against the backdrop of the Paris Agreement
Cardesa-Salzmann Antonio
PluriCourts Research Conference on Compliance Mechanisms (2021)
Architectures of Earth System Governance in context : revisiting Marine Spatial Planning in the EU's regional seas in light of the Anthropocene
Cardesa-Salzmann Antonio, Ntona Mara
Earth System Governance in turbulent times

More publications


At PGT level, I teach the following subjects within the LLM in Global Environmental Law and Governance:

  • Global Environmental Law
  • International Environmental Law
  • EU Environmental Law

At undergraduate level, I lead the Environmental Law (Hons) module. I have also lectured Public International Law and led tutorials in Public Law.

In order to properly understand the regulatory and institutional features of the different areas of environmental regulation, any lawyer needs to confront the scientific, social, economic and political complexities of largely transnational processes that shape the content and implementation of environmental law. This is the general perspective that informs my educational work. Teaching these subjects means, in my view, getting across the fundamental message of the deep intertwinement of national, EU and international environmental law in a globalised, multipolar, and culturally plural world.

Research interests

Global law, Earth System law, societal constitutionalism, global justice, Anthropocene

Regime interactions, compliance with and enforcement of multilateral environmental treaties, transnational environmental crime

EU environmental law, external environmental policy of the EU

Brexit and environmental law and governance in Scotland

Professional activities

Global Environmental Change (Journal)
Peer reviewer
Robert Gordon University (External organisation)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (Journal)
Peer reviewer
'Sometimes Reality Enters the Room': Spatial In/Justice & the Invisibilisation of Local Actors within International Biodiversity Negotiations
Law and Society Association (External organisation)
International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics (Journal)
Peer reviewer

More professional activities


Development of an online intermediate level course on the International Legal Framework on Ozone Depletion
Cardesa-Salzmann, Antonio (Principal Investigator) McEntee, Iona (Researcher) Hall, Catherine (Researcher) Shetye, Aditi (Researcher) McAdam, Robbie (Researcher)
The project concerns the development of an online intermediate level course on the International Legal Framework on Ozone Depletion: the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer for the InforMEA online learning platform. The course will have to be designed as an e-learning resource adapted for self-paced learner-centered learning with engaging and interactive content.
20-Jan-2021 - 28-Jan-2022
Development of an online intermediate level course on the International Legal Framework on Ozone Depletion for the Ozone Secretariat at UNEP (InfoMEA Phase III Project - amendment)
Cardesa-Salzmann, Antonio (Principal Investigator)
20-Jan-2021 - 31-Jan-2022
SRSS Strathclyde Excellence Award PGR Studentship
Cardesa-Salzmann, Antonio (Principal Investigator) McCorkindale, Christopher (Co-investigator) McEntee, Iona (Post Grad Student)
National courts and North-South legal ecumenism. Exploring the role of transnational inter-judicial dialogue between the Global North and the Global South for the promotion of climate justice. PGR Student: Iona McEntee
01-Jan-2021 - 30-Jan-2024
UKRI CoA Covid Extension
Garvey, Brian (Principal Investigator) Portes Virginio, Francis Vinicius (Researcher) Cardesa-Salzmann, Antonio (Researcher)
UKRI sponsored extension of projects affected by Covid-19
01-Jan-2021 - 30-Jan-2021
Literature Review for the Scottish Sentencing Council: Environmental and Wildlife Offences in Scotland and other jurisdictions
Cardesa-Salzmann, Antonio (Principal Investigator) Campbell, Donald (Co-investigator)
This literature review, which has been commissioned by the Scottish Sentencing Council, will summarise existing academic, legal and statistical work on the sentencing of environmental and wildlife offences. It aims to inform and support the work of the Scottish Sentencing Council, particularly its commitment to drafting a guideline on the sentencing of environmental and wildlife offences.
Amount: £ 9,609.60
11-Jan-2018 - 30-Jan-2018
Literature Review of Environmental and Wildlife Offences in Scotland and other Jurisdictions
Cardesa-Salzmann, Antonio (Principal Investigator) Campbell, Donald (Co-investigator)
09-Jan-2018 - 30-Jan-2018

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