Professor Joseph Andrew Clarke

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Personal statement

My main focus is the role that energy systems simulation can play in helping to reduce energy demand, accelerate the take-up of renewable energy technologies, mitigate environmental impacts and improve human well-being. A major aspect of my work involves the development and dissemination of software tools for energy systems simulation, and support for the application of these tools in design, research, teaching and policy-making contexts. I am the progenitor of the ESP-r building simulation program, which is deployed worldwide, and founder member and past President of the International Building Performance Simulation Association, which promotes the technology worldwide.

Publications

The role of building operational emulation in realizing a resilient built environment
Clarke Joe
Architectural Science Review Vol 61, pp. 358-361 (2018)
https://doi.org/10.1080/00038628.2018.1502157
Assessing domestic heat storage requirements for energy flexibility over varying timescales
Allison John, Bell Keith, Clarke Joe, Cowie Andrew, Elsayed Ahmed, Flett Graeme, Oluleye Gbemi, Hawkes Adam, Hawker Graeme, Kelly Nick, Manuela Marinho de Castro Maria, Sharpe Tim, Shea Andy, Strachan Paul, Tuohy Paul
Applied Thermal Engineering Vol 136, pp. 602-616 (2018)
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2018.02.104
A 'big data' approach to the application of building performance simulation to improve the operational performance of large estates
Clarke Joseph, Costola Daniel, Kelly Nicolas, Monari Filippo
Building Simulation 2017 Building Simulation 2017 (2017)
Assessing policy constraints and technical feasibility of energy developments in cities
McGhee Raheal, Clarke Joseph, Svehla Katalin
Design to Thrive 33rd International Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture, pp. 1446-1453 (2017)
Domestic thermal storage requirements for heat demand flexibility
Allison John, Bell Keith, Clarke Joe, Cowie Andrew, Elsayed Ahmed, Flett Graeme, Gbemi Oluleye, Hawkes Adam, Hawker Graeme, Kelly Nick, Manuela Marinho de Castro Maria, Sharpe Tim , Shea Andy, Strachan Paul
The 4th Sustainable Thermal Energy Management International Conference, pp. 1-10 (2017)
Evaluating passive structural control of tidal turbines
Fu Song, Johnstone Cameron, Clarke Joe
3rd Asian Wave and Tidal Energy Conference, pp. 1-8 (2016)

more publications

Professional activities

Low temperature heat network study
Consultant
2016
Housing retrofit effectiveness study
Consultant
2014
Demand Mapping study for Glasgow
Consultant
2013

more professional activities

Projects

KTP - arbnco
Costola, Daniel (Principal Investigator) Allison, John (Co-investigator) Clarke, Joseph Andrew (Co-investigator)
03-Jan-2018 - 02-Jan-2020
BRE Lectureship
Clarke, Joseph Andrew (Principal Investigator) Costola, Daniel (Co-investigator)
01-Jan-2018 - 31-Jan-2020
KTP - CO2 Estates
Costola, Daniel (Principal Investigator) Clarke, Joseph Andrew (Co-investigator)
23-Jan-2017 - 22-Jan-2019
Rotterdam, Umea and Glasgow: Generating Exemplar Districts in Sustainable Energy Deployment H2020: Ruggedised (Smart and Sustainable Cities)
Clarke, Joseph Andrew (Principal Investigator) Bellingham, Richard (Co-investigator) Costola, Daniel (Co-investigator) Kelly, Nicolas (Co-investigator)
01-Jan-2016 - 31-Jan-2021
Dynamic Loadings on Turbines in a Tidal Array (DyLoTTA)
Johnstone, Cameron (Principal Investigator) Clarke, Joseph Andrew (Co-investigator)
01-Jan-2016 - 31-Jan-2020
FITS-LCD: Fabric Integrated Thermal Storage for Low-Carbon Dwellings
Kelly, Nicolas (Principal Investigator) Bell, Keith (Co-investigator) Clarke, Joseph Andrew (Co-investigator) Strachan, Paul (Co-investigator) Tuohy, Paul Gerard (Co-investigator) Hawker, Graeme (Researcher)
"The domestic sector faces a range of challenges as the UK attempts to drastically cut its carbon emissions by 2050. A key issue is reducing the overall demand for heat and then decarbonising residual heat loads - which encompasses both demand for space heating and hot water provision. Two non-exclusive means to achieve these goals are: firstly, the diversification of the heat sources serving buildings and communities towards a variety of low-carbon heat sources including solar thermal energy, biomass, waste heat and ground source energy. Secondly, the electrification of space and hot water heating using heat pumps running on decarbonised electricity. Thermal storage would play a key role in facilitating both of these developments, acting as an integrating mechanism for heterogeneous heat sources and decoupling heat supply and demand to mitigate the worst impacts of the electrification of heat. However, there are challenges, one of the most significant is competition for space - as dwelling sizes reduce, the space penalty associated with conventional hot water storage acts as a barrier to uptake. Storage in the future may need to migrate away from the traditional hot water tank at seen at present, towards media such as phase-change materials and storage that makes better use of the existing space and thermal mass in and around buildings, including large scale community storage. An attractive storage option is to integrate future thermal stores into the fabric of the dwelling - fabric integrated thermal stores (FITS).

The aim of this multi-discipline research is to investigate how thermal stores could be integrated into the fabric of future dwellings and communities (both new build and retrofit) and how they would be operated within the local context of accommodating multiple low-carbon thermal energy sources and within the wider context of the decarbonisation of the UK's energy supply. Specific activities include: establishing the operating criteria for fabric-integrated thermal stores (FITS) operating in a future low-carbon energy system; generating prototype FITS concepts, controllers, energy services and heat sensing solutions; performance evaluation of FITS concepts using modelling and simulation leading to selection of best performers for further investigation; construction of scaled FITS prototypes for testing of in-situ performance; gauging user reaction to the concept of using thermal storage for energy services to third parties including demand management; and finally testing of prototype interfaces to FITS with end-users.

The research will generate new knowledge in a number of areas: the architectural integration of thermal storage materials (eliminating the space penalty associated with water tanks); interfacing of thermal stores with heterogeneous heat sources; and information on the acceptability of the participation of domestic heat storage in energy networks. Tangible outputs will include: a range of FITS concept designs - the performance of which will be evaluated using modelling and simulation; two prototypes of promising concepts will be constructed as demonstrators (to test performance in the field); new thermal storage controllers; and energy services will be developed and tested, predicated on the active participation of thermal storage in energy network management.

The work will benefit the construction industry, particularly Architects and Structural Engineers, offering new ideas on the space-efficient integration of thermal storage into buildings. The work will also benefit the building services community and technology developers, providing information on the combination of multiple low-carbon heat sources and the measurement, management and control of stored heat over different timescales. Finally, the work will be of value to utilities and energy service providers, offering insight into the potential of thermal storage to facilitate network support services."
01-Jan-2016 - 31-Jan-2019

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Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
James Weir Building

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