Dr Susan Stephen



Personal statement

I am a Lecturer in Counselling based in the School of Psychological Sciences & Health.

The main focus of my research is the concept of congruent functioning: a contemporary redefining of the process of psychological growth at the core of Rogers' person-centred theory. I am interested in the development of congruent functioning for clients in counselling and also counsellors in training. 

I developed a model of congruent functioning from my work investigating the validity of the Strathclyde Inventory, a brief self-report instrument, using data collected from clients participating in counselling at the Strathclyde Counselling and Psychotherapy Research Clinic. Currently, I am working with international colleagues to explore the cross-cultural relevance of the Strathclyde Inventory.

I am developing expertise in systematic case study research and in measure development. I am interested in supporting counselling practitioners to expand their understanding of the value and limitations of using routine outcome measurement in their practice.

I am a co-editor of the international peer-reviewed journal, Person-Centered & Experiential Psychotherapies (PCEP), and former Chair of the World Association for Person-Centered and Experiential Psychotherapies and Counseling (WAPCEPC).


Congruent functioning : the continuing resonance of Rogers' theory
Stephen Susan
Person-Centered and Experiential Psychotherapies (2023)
The non-directive attitude
Stephen Susan
The Handbook of Person-Centred Psychotherapy and Counselling (2022) (2022)
The Strathclyde inventory : development of a brief instrument for assessing outcome in counseling according to Rogers' concept of the fully functioning person
Stephen Susan, Elliott Robert
Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development Vol 55, pp. 187-206 (2022)
Comparing helpful and hindering processes in good and poor outcome cases : a qualitative metasynthesis of eight Hermeneutic Single Case Efficacy Design studies
Stephen Susan, Bell Laura, Khan Maha, Love Ruth, MacIntosh Hannah, Martin Melanie, Moran Rebecca, Price Emily, Whitehead Brigid, Elliott Robert
Psychotherapy Research Vol 32, pp. 389-403 (2022)
Editorial : special issue on the PCE 2021 conference. Tihei mauri ora – contact, culture, and context
Revell Steff, Rodgers Brian, Stephen Susan, Tudor Keith
Person-Centered and Experiential Psychotherapies Vol 21, pp. 97-99 (2022)
Commentary-extending the boundaries of systematic case study research : conceptual and methodological issues
Elliott Robert, Stephen Susan, Robinson Anna
Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy Vol 17, pp. 235-254 (2021)

More publications

Professional activities

Holding true: The continuing resonance of Rogers' theory
Keynote speaker
PCE 2022 Conference
Keynote/plenary speaker
Investigating the cross-cultural relevance of the Strathclyde Inventory: A pilot study
Edge Hill University
Visiting researcher
Invited blog on Therapy Meets Numbers website
PCE Europe 2021 symposium (Event)

More professional activities


A pilot study of the relationship between interaction of the caregivers and the care recipients of dementia and their anxiety in residential aged care
Stephen, Susan (Co-investigator)
International Collaborator: Yu, P.; Traynor, V.; Barkus, E.; Li, M.; Qian, S. Carrigan, N. & Stephen, S. (2015) A pilot study of the relationship between interaction of the caregivers and the care recipients of dementia and their anxiety in residential aged care UOW, Global Challenges. AU$10,000.
05-Jan-2016 - 20-Jan-2016

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