Dr Christine Switzer


Civil and Environmental Engineering


USEPA LEAF methods for characterizing phosphorus and potentially toxic elements in raw and thermally treated sewage sludge
Fournie T, Switzer C, Gerhard JI
Chemosphere Vol 275 (2021)
Enhancing student transitions into engineering from underrepresented backgrounds
Switzer Christine, Nicol Emma, Bertram Douglas, Kenny Michael, Murray Michael, Ferguson Neil
13th Annual Enhancement Themes Conference (2016)
Enhancing transitions into civil engineering (EnTICE)
Nicol Emma, Switzer Christine, Bertram Douglas, Kenny Michael, Murray Michael, Ferguson Neil
13th Annual Enhancement Themes Conference (2016)
An investigation of potentially toxic element content in beached plastic resin pellets from Kuwait and the United Kingdom
Mandekar Bedraya E A, Davidson Christine, Switzer Christine, Liggat John
BNASS 2016: The 18th Biennial National Atomic Spectroscopy Symposium (2016)
An overview of research activities and achievement in geotechnics from the Scottish Universities Geotechnics Network (SUGN)
Leung A K, Anastasopoulos I X, Augarde C, Barreto D, Brennan A J, Brown M J, Connolly D, Coombs W M, Davies T, Gao Z, Ivanovic A, Kenny M J, Knappett J A, Lombardi D, McDougall J, Medero G M, Wood D M, El Mountassir G, Osman A S, Pytharouli S, Sentenac P, Stewart B, Switzer C, Tarantino A, Wheeler S J, Woodward P K, Zielinski M
Parameter Selection and Monitoring; Developments in Education and Practice 16th European Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, ECSMGE 2015, pp. 4289-4294 (2015)
Smoldering remediation of coal-tar-contaminated soil : pilot field tests of STAR
Scholes Grant C, Gerhard Jason I, Grant Gavin P, Major David W, Vidumsky John E, Switzer Christine, Torero Jose L
Environmental Science and Technology Vol 49, pp. 14334-14342 (2015)

More publications


Current Teaching: Contaminated Land, Pollution & Rehabilitation of Degraded Ecosystems, Chemistry & Materials Science

Past Teaching: Statistics & Model Analysis, Water & Wastewater Treatment Design

Research interests

My research interests lie in the areas of contaminant fate, transport, and remediation. I am particularly interested in aggressive remediation technologies for contaminated soils and emerging contaminants in the environment such as fire retardants and other micropollutants.

Professional activities

Training day on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control for delegates from the Hebei Provincial Government
Environmental Science and Technology (Journal)
Peer reviewer
Fire Technology (Journal)
Peer reviewer
Institute of Physics Combustion Physics Group (Sept 2010)
Invited speaker
ConSoil 2008
Keynote/plenary speaker

More professional activities


Development of Novel Treatments for Carbon-based radioactive wastes
Renshaw, Joanna (Principal Investigator) Lunn, Rebecca (Co-investigator) Switzer, Christine (Co-investigator)
"The nuclear energy and weapons programmes of the past 70 years have created a legacy of waste and contamination around the world. Amongst the very diverse and complicated wastes arising from these programmes are a range of orphan wastes. These are wastes which are not suitable for treatment in existing processing plants and for which there is no currently accepted treatment option.

This project will determine the feasibility of a wholly new approach to treatment of orphan radioactive wastes. The overarching longer-term research vision is for a three-stage waste treatment process. First, smouldering the waste (in the same way that coal smoulders in a fire) to burn the carbon and produce a small volume of stable radioactive ash that can be encapsulated (generally in cement) and placed into a container (comprised of steel or concrete) for future geological disposal. Second, capturing safely the radioactive emissions that are released by the smouldering process. These are in the form of microscopic particles of radionuclides and carbon dioxide gas that contains the radioactive element, Carbon 14. This capture will make use of similar technologies to those being explored to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere to tackle climate change. Bacteria will be used to stimulate the production of carbonate and/or phosphate minerals, removing the radioactivity from the gases and capturing them into a stable mineral (i.e. into a rock) . Finally, this process of capturing the radioactivity into a mineral will be performed as part of the encapsulation process either for the radioactive ash (prior to placing it in a container) or for other radioactive wastes, so as to reduce the final volume of radioactive material that requires disposal.

In order for any treatment process of orphan wastes to be accepted by the UK regulatory authorities, it is critical that no radioactive gases are emitted. Hence, this research project will focus on demonstrating the feasibility of capturing (1) 14C as a stable carbonate and (2) other particulate radioactive emissions into stable phosphate minerals. The project will focus on demonstrating feasibility for a single wasteform, graphite, which is the largest volume orphan waste. If feasibility can be demonstrated, other research projects will follow to explore the smouldering process and the use of the carbonate and phosphate minerals for encapsulation of the radioactive ashes, created by the smouldering process."
01-Jan-2017 - 31-Jan-2019
Doctoral Training Partnership (DTP - University of Strathclyde) | Swift, Paul
El Mountassir, Grainne (Principal Investigator) Switzer, Christine (Co-investigator) Swift, Paul (Research Co-investigator)
01-Jan-2016 - 01-Jan-2019
TERRE: Training Engineers and Researchers to Rethink geotechnical Engineering for a low carbon future (H2020 ETN)
Tarantino, Alessandro (Principal Investigator) El Mountassir, Grainne (Co-investigator) Ferguson, Neil (Co-investigator) Knapp, Charles (Co-investigator) Lunn, Rebecca (Co-investigator) Switzer, Christine (Co-investigator)
01-Jan-2015 - 31-Jan-2019
Mechanistic modelling of smouldering remediation to evaluate its effects on soil properties and interactions with groundwater
Pritchard, David (Principal Investigator) Switzer, Christine (Principal Investigator) Corson, Lindsey (Principal Investigator)
01-Jan-2015 - 16-Jan-2017
ENTICE - ENhancing Transitions In Civil Engineering (HEA Student Transitions)
Ferguson, Neil (Principal Investigator) Bertram, Doug (Co-investigator) Kenny, Michael (Co-investigator) Murray, Michael (Co-investigator) Switzer, Christine (Co-investigator)
11-Jan-2015 - 30-Jan-2015
KTP - Scottish Canals
Lord, Richard (Principal Investigator) Knapp, Charles (Co-investigator) Switzer, Christine (Co-investigator)
22-Jan-2013 - 21-Jan-2015

More projects


Civil and Environmental Engineering
James Weir Building

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