Since about 2011 my main research interests focus on questions of the interplay between the study of international conflict resolution and international history. In particular, my research interest lies in the fields of the international diplomacy (international mediation, negotiation and diplomatic practice), Arab-Israeli conflict; US foreign policy and Cold War era. In essence, I’m interested in analysing the environment of conflict management in ways crucial to our understanding of not only how the conflicts have ended, but also under what circumstances the agreements have been achieved.
I hold a BA in International Relations, a MA in Diplomacy and a PhD in International History from University of Nottingham.
US Foreign Policy, 1945-1989
Cold War Europe, 1945-1991
Bombers and Mash: Britain and the Home Front, 1939-1945
Conflict Resolution in the Arab-Israeli Dispute, 1947 – 1979
Evolution of Diplomacy
Embassies in Crisis
My teaching reflects my research interests in international history since the Second World War and the broader subject of conflict resolution, particularly international mediation.
I convene my third year/Honours class on ‘US Foreign Policy, 1945-1989’ and another third year/Honours class on ‘Cold War Europe, 1945-1991’.
I also contribute lectures to other undergraduate classes, including Modern Europe (second year) and History 1B (first year).
At postgraduate level I teach classes at MSc in Diplomacy and International Security programme.
My MSc class ‘Diplomacy and Conflict Resolution in the Arab-Israeli Dispute, 1947 – 1979’ examines the relationship between the theoretical literature within the field of diplomacy and conflict resolution and specific case studies with a particular focus on the period from the 1947 UN Partition Plan to the brink of the 1979 Camp David settlement, realised under President Jimmy Carter.
At MSc level, I also contribute to a broad class on the ‘Evolution of Diplomacy’ in Semester One and a ‘Embassies in Crisis’ class in Semester Two.
Here are some more detailed descriptions of my main classes:
V1996 Conflict Resolution in the Arab-Israeli Dispute, 1947-1979. The module surveys and analyses the changing nature of developments in the Middle East, in particular the Arab-Israeli dispute, together with the range of conceptual tools that seek to explain the international activity in this region. The focus is on the complexities of diplomacy, conflict resolution and conflict management in the Middle East and in particular the impact of foreign policy actors on the outcome of a dispute. The case studies in this class provide students with a sophisticated understanding of the diplomacy of the Arab-Israeli dispute and an enhanced appreciation of the conflict management and foreign policy-making processes, based on an extensive use of theoretical literature on international negotiation and mediation and primary-sources of a variety of types.
V1398/V1705 US Foreign Policy, 1945-1989. This class surveys some of the main controversies and developments in US foreign policy since the end of the Second World War. This includes major international events, particularly the course of American diplomacy and its entwinement with regional histories, especially in the Middle East, Latin America, East Asia, and Africa. The class focuses on the US foreign policy since the end of the Second World War by taking a global approach and examining the ‘Global Cold War’, and its implications for non-aligned countries, such as Vietnam, Cuba, Chile, Angola, Israel or Egypt while analysing the manoeuvres of the US and USSR throughout the period under discussion. The class will discuss broad array of aspects related to the countries impacted by the US foreign policy, such as their domestic and external policies and their developments. It will offer the students an opportunity to understand and explain the historical background of these areas and debate the place of the US within the international system and its relationship with other states.
V1389/V1406 Cold War Europe, 1945-1991. This class analyses the political, ideological and military rivalries during the Cold War, from the closing months of the Second World War to the fall of the Berlin Wall. As well as examining the foreign policies of the United States and the Soviet Union, this class devotes particular attention to the foreign policies of the main European powers and their impact on the development of the Cold War.
I am currently working on my first monograph. The key focus of my book is the field of conflict mediation, by evaluating the effectiveness of the process of concession-hunting yet still supporting the analysis with the assessment of its context. In terms of the context, the book deepens our understanding of the US foreign policy in the Arab-Israeli dispute and Henry Kissinger’s role as a mediator. Essentially, it explores the US mediation strategies applied during the Egyptian-Israeli conflict in the period of 1973-1975. It focuses on the US role in bringing Egypt and Israel towards a settlement from the October War to the brink of the Camp David settlement. The centrepiece of the book is the mediation efforts during the Presidencies of Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford.
- National Archives at College Park, MD.
- Gerald Ford Presidential Library in Ann Arbor, MI.
- Richard Nixon Presidential Library in Yorba Linda, CA.
- Jimmy Carter Presidential Library in Atlanta, GA.
Selected conference papers:
09/2019 ‘Kissinger-Rogers bureaucratic rivalry and US foreign policy towards the Arab-Israeli peace process.’ – Annual British International History Group Conference, University of Lancaster, Lancaster, UK.
05/2018 ‘Mediation as the “global moral beacon’s” tool in establishing the American Century – The United States and the Arab-Israeli conflict in 1973.’ – International History and Diplomacy in the Twentieth Century, Rothermere American Institute, Oxford University, Oxford, UK.
09/2016 ‘The reassessment policy: a comparative analysis between Ford’s and Obama’s reassessment of the US – Israeli relationship’ - 50th International Conference on American Foreign Policy, University of Bath, Bath, UK.
07/2016 ‘Mediating America’s interests: the US peace process and the October War’ - HOTCUS Annual Conference, Middleburg, the Netherlands.
09/2015 ‘U.S. interventionism in the Arab-Israeli conflict. Concession- hunting procedure and the management of multiple parties: an attempt that failed?’ – ‘BISA US Foreign Policy Working Group’, City London University, London, UK.
09/2014 ‘The origin of the US dominating position in the Arab-Israeli peace process’ – US Foreign Policy Conference 2014, London School of Economics, London, UK.
04/2014 ‘The United States and the Arab-Israeli conflict: the Rogers Plan – A Failure or Success of Mediation?’ – 59th BAAS Annual Conference, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.
10/2012 ‘Interpretations of mediation – towards a definition’ – 8th International Conference of World Mediation Forum, Valencia, Spain.
07/2012 ‘Games of Peace’ – poster presented at the final of Vitae Midlands Hub Postgraduate Research Exhibition, Coventry, UK.
Lord Hope Building
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