Dr Paul Mulheran

John Anderson Research Senior Lecturer

Chemical and Process Engineering

Personal statement

My research interests lie in modelling and understanding nucleation and growth of nanostructures, and I aim to control these to engineer useful systems. For example, I research the growth of titania nanostructures which have applications as materials for energy and catalysis. I also look at how biomolecules such as anti-bodies interact with various materials to create bio-medical devices. I was educated as a Theoretical Physicist at both undergraduate and doctoral level, and use my experience to develop a strong analytical ethos in my teaching activities, which include programming and IT skills, fundamental concepts in energy and entropy, and problem solving skills. I help to run the University's High Performance Computers including Archie-West, the regional tier-2 centre funded by the EPSRC which caters for the local community of industry and universities.  



Has expertise in:

    My expertise and capabilities include:

    • Classical Molecular Dynamics simulations;
    • Long time-scale simulations using saddle-point searches and Temperature Accelerated Dynamics;
    • Materials modelling for oxides such as titania, silica, ZnO;
    • Theory of nucleation and growth at surfaces (e.g. rate equations, distribution fixed point equations and scaling);
    • Monte Carlo simulation


Antibody-protein binding and conformational changes : identifying allosteric signalling pathways to engineer a better effector response
Al Qaraghuli Mohammed M, Kubiak-Ossowska Karina, Ferro Valerie A, Mulheran Paul A
Scientific Reports Vol 10 (2020)
Modelling organic gel growth in three-dimensions : textural and fractal properties of resorcinol-formaldehyde gels
Martin Elisha, Prostredny Martin, Fletcher Ashleigh, Mulheran Paul
Gels Vol 6 (2020)
Clustering behaviour of polyaromatic compounds mimicking natural asphaltenes
Simionesie Dorin, O’Callaghan Greg, Costa Joao LLFS, Giusti Leonardo, Kerr William J, Sefcik Jan, Mulheran Paul A, Zhang Zhenyu J
Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects Vol 603 (2020)
Interfacial concentration effect facilitates heterogeneous nucleation from solution
McKechnie David, Anker Samira, Zahid Saraf, Mulheran Paul A, Sefcik Jan, Johnston Karen
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters Vol 11, pp. 2263-2271 (2020)
Characterising submonolayer deposition via visibility graphs
Allen D, Grinfeld M, Mulheran P A
Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications Vol 532 (2019)
Modelling the formation of porous organic gels-how structural properties depend on growth conditions
Prostredny Martin, Fletcher Ashleigh, Mulheran Paul
RSC Advances Vol 9, pp. 20065-20074 (2019)

More publications


I currently teach the following classes:

  • CP306 IT skills including Mathcad for report writing and data analysis, and Aspen flow-sheeting software;
  • CP409 Problem Solving, including dimensional analysis and modelling;
  • CP529 Programming and Optimisation, using Visual Basic with Excel to provide a versatile platform for engineering applications;
  • CP407 Conceptual Design;
  • 18530 Project, including research projects within my group as well industrial and Erasmus placements.

I also have experience of teaching the following:

  • Fundamentals of energy and entropy;
  • Concepts in Physics;
  • Fractals and Chaos;
  • Quantum Mechanics;
  • Fourier Methods.

Research interests

Available Funded PhD Project:

Design of functional chitosan films: antimicrobial applications


Other PhD project available:

Inhibiting amyloid development using natural compounds: a molecular dynamics study


My research interests lie in the domain of materials modelling, including biomolecular interactions with inorganic materials, where a lot of my work is performed in close collaboration with Dr Karina Kubiak-Ossowska from the Department of Physics at Strathclyde. Recent Strathclyde research collaborations include:

  • Modelling peptide interactions with nanoparticles, in collaboration with the experimental groups of Dr Siddharth Patwardhan in Chemical and Process Engineering and Dr. Val Ferro in SIPBS;
  • Modelling fibronectin interaction with material surfaces for bio-medical device applications, in collaboration with the experimental groups of Dr Zhenyu Zhang in Chemical and Process Engineering and Dr. Richard Black in the Department of Biomedical Engineering at Strathclyde;
  • Modelling fibril nucleation and growth in collaboration with the experimental groups of Prof. Jan Sefcik in Chemical and Process Engineering and Dr Olaf Rolinski in Physics;
  • Modelling gold nanoparticle nucleation, growth and interactions with proteins in collaboration with Dr Yu Chen in Physics;
  • Theoretical models for nucleation and growth processes at surfaces in collaboration with Dr Michael Grinfeld and Dr Wilson Lamb from the Department of Mathematics and Statistics.  

My external research collaborations include:

  • Dr Roger Bennett at the University of Reading who performs scanning probe microscopy experiments of the growth of nanostructures on titania and other oxides;
  • Dr Gavin Bell at the University of Warwick who performs high resolution electron microscopy of nanostructure growth on graphene;
  • Dr Michael Nolan at the Tyndall Institute, Cork, who uses electronic structure calculations to investigate the opto-electronic properties of surface nanostructures;
  • Dr Barbar Jachimska at the Jerzy Haber Institute, Cracow, part of the Polish Academy of Science, with whom we have an Erasmus+ agreement for the exchange of staff and PhD students to collaborate on theranostic systems.

Further details of my research can be found in my publications, a full list is available on: http://www.researcherid.com/rid/E-3999-2012

Professional activities

PhD Viva at King's College London
CECAM Workshop - Biomolecular mechanisms at functionalised solid surfaces
Invited speaker
Bioinspired Nanomaterials
Invited speaker
IBioIC Annual Conference
PhD External Examiner
Carnegie Trust for Scotland RIG Selection Panel (Event)

More professional activities


In silico design of high-affinity recombinant antibodies (IBioIC CTP)
Mulheran, Paul (Principal Investigator) Ferro, Valerie (Co-investigator)
01-Jan-2020 - 31-Jan-2024
Industrial Case Account - University of Strathclyde 2019 | Eales, William
Price, Chris John (Principal Investigator) Mulheran, Paul (Co-investigator) Eales, William (Research Co-investigator)
01-Jan-2019 - 01-Jan-2023
Design of self-peptide adjuvant couples for enhanced immunogenicity
Mulheran, Paul (Principal Investigator) Ferro, Valerie (Co-investigator) Mullen, Alexander (Co-investigator)
01-Jan-2018 - 30-Jan-2022
Optimal conjugation routes for antibody-based point-of-care testing kits
Mulheran, Paul (Principal Investigator) Ferro, Valerie (Academic)
01-Jan-2017 - 31-Jan-2017
Production of Lateral Flow Diagnostic kits using gold nanoparticle adsorption to antibodies
Mulheran, Paul (Principal Investigator)
01-Jan-2017 - 31-Jan-2021
Optimal conjugation routes for antibody-based point-of-care testing kits
Mulheran, Paul (Principal Investigator) Ferro, Valerie (Academic)
01-Jan-2017 - 31-Jan-2021

More projects


Chemical and Process Engineering
James Weir Building

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