Professor Dora Scholarios

Work, Employment and Organisation

Personal statement

I teach and research in several areas of work psychology, organisational behaviour and HRM. I was one of the Editors-in-Chief of the Human Resource Management Journal from 2016-2020 and am currently a member of several journal editorial boards and professional associations in the fields of psychology, and business and management. I'm also a Chartered Psychologist. 

I have been involved in a variety of research projects funded by UK and international institutions; e.g. the Economic and Social Research Council, The Leverhulme Trust, the European Commission, the Association of Police Constables of England and Wales, and the U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences. 

Previous roles include: Business School Associate Dean for Postgraduate Research (2010-2013); Deputy Head of Department of HRM (2009-2014); member of the Strathclyde team co-ordinating the Marie Curie Initial Training Network (ITN) The changing nature of employment in Europe in the context of challenges, threats and opportunities for employees and employers (2012-2016); and member of the Supervisory Board of the Scottish Graduate School of Social Science & ESRC Doctoral Training Centre (Scotland) (2014-2016). 


Has expertise in:

    • Human Resource Management, employee wellbeing and performance
    • Recruitment, assessment and selection
    • Careers and employability
    • Youth employment and vocational psychology


Associate Fellow and Chartered Psychologist, British Psychological Society

PhD, The George Washington University, Washington, D.C., Industrial/Organizational Psychology (1990)

MPhil (Distinction), The George Washington University, Washington, D.C. Industrial/Organizational Psychology (1987)

MA (Honours), University of Glasgow, Psychology (1985)



'If he just knew who we were' : Microworkers' emerging bonds of attachment in a fragmented employment relationship
Panteli Niki, Rapti Andriana, Scholarios Dora
Work, Employment and Society Vol 34, pp. 476-494 (2020)
What are the career implications of "seeing eye to eye"? Examining the role of leader-member exchange (LMX) agreement on employability and career outcomes
Epitropaki Olga, Marstand Anders Friis, Van der Heijden Beatrice, Bozionelos Nikos, Mylonopoulos Nikolaos, Van der Heijde Claudia M, Scholarios Dora, Mikkelsen Aslaug, Marzec Izabela, Jędrzejowicz Piotr
Personnel Psychology Vol 74, pp. 799-830 (2021)
A multilevel examination of skills-oriented human resource management and perceived skill utilization during recession : implications for the well-being of all workers
Okay-Somerville Belgin, Scholarios Dora
Human Resource Management Vol 58, pp. 139-154 (2019)
Supervisor-subordinate age dissimilarity and its impact on supervisory ratings of employability : does supportive learning context make a difference?
Scholarios Dora, Van der Heijden Beatrice
Frontiers in Psychology Vol 12 (2021)
Graduate employability during a crisis : evidence from Scottish graduates during the COVID-19 pandemic
Okay-Somerville Belgin, Luchinskaya Daria, Anderson Pauline, Hurrell Scott, Scholarios Dora
SAGE Handbook of Graduate Employability (2021) (2021)
Scholarios Dora, Whetzel Deborah, Leaman Julia
Contemporary Human Resource Management Text and Cases (2021) (2021)

More publications


My areas of teaching expertise cover work psychology, organisational behaviour and HRM generally, but with specific specialism in recruitment, assessment and selection, employee wellbeing and stress, research methodology and statistics.

Research interests

My research activity has focused on:



HRM, work design and employee wellbeing, including the psychological effects of shiftwork, different types of work (e.g. microworkers, call centres, software, police), and the impact of HRM practices on employee outcomes (e.g., skill, attitudes). For recent work see: 

  • ‘If he just knew who we were’: Microworkers’ emerging bonds of attachment in a fragmented employment relationship. Work, Employment & Society
  • A multilevel examination of skills-oriented HRM and perceived skill utilization during recession: Implications for the wellbeing of all workers. Human Resource Management 
  • Unpredictable working time, wellbeing and health in the police service. International Journal of HRM 

Careers and employability, with a focus on youth employment/underemployment. See for example:

  • 2020-2021 Survey Study: Graduating in a pandemic Careers, well-being and hopes for the future.
  • What are the career implications of ‘seeing eye to eye’? Examining the role of leader-member exchange (LMX) agreement on employability and career outcomes. Personnel Psychology.
  • Supervisor-subordinate age dissimilarity and its impact on supervisory ratings of employability: Does supportive learning context make a difference? Frontiers in Psychology.
  • Focused for some, exploratory for others: job search strategies and successful university-to-work transitions in the context of labour market ambiguity. Journal of Career Development.
  • Position, possession or process? Understanding objective and subjective employability during university-to-work transitions. Studies in Higher Education.
  • Young workers’ job satisfaction in Europe. In Furåker, B. & Håkansson, K. (Eds.) Work Orientations: Theoretical Perspectives and Empirical Findings. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, pp.193-218.
  • Coping with career boundaries and boundary-crossing in the graduate labour market. Career Development International
  • Learning climate perceptions as a determinant of employability: an empirical study among European ICT professionals. Frontiers in Psychology.
  • Shades of grey: Underemployment and job quality across graduate occupations. Human Relations.

Professional activities

Human Resource Management Journal (Journal)
Initial Training Networks (ITN) (Journal)
EAWOP Impact Incubator/ESRC Festival of Social Science seminar
Graduate employability during a crisis: Evidence from Scottish graduates during the COVID-19 pandemic
External PhD Examiner, University of Melbourne
External PhD Examiner, University of Gothenburg

More professional activities


University-to-work transitions: the role of career self-management in graduate employability and employment success
Okay-Somerville, Belgin (Principal Investigator) Scholarios, Dora (Co-investigator)
This is a two-year, longitudinal research project funded by a British Academy Small Grant which will examine the associations between career self-management, employability and employment success during university-to-work transitions. Waves I and II measure career self-management, intentions and job search strategies during the last year of university and immediately upon graduation, respectively; and Wave III examines employment quality (e.g., skill use), attitudes and well-being six months after graduation. The research will contribute to a more detailed understanding of graduate employability and employment success at a time of increasing uncertainty, and have implications for policymakers, employers, universities and graduates.
01-Jan-2014 - 31-Jan-2016
Employee Turnover in Voluntary Sector Social Care
Cunningham, Ian (Principal Investigator) Scholarios, Dora (Co-investigator)
01-Jan-2018 - 30-Jan-2018
Industry 4.0: Can AI ethics be embedded in the innovation lifecycle?
Briken, Kendra (Principal Investigator) Rose, Emily (Co-investigator) Scholarios, Dora (Co-investigator)
01-Jan-2022 - 30-Jan-2022
What works for 'remote first': Benchmarking best practice to attract, engage and retain talent in FinTech SMEs
Luchinskaya, Daria (Principal Investigator) Anderson, Pauline (Co-investigator) Scholarios, Dora (Co-investigator)
This project will conduct a state-of-the-art review of evidence of ‘what works’ in attracting, developing and engaging the workforce in FinTech SMEs, in collaboration with FinTech Scotland and DirectID (FinTech SME).
07-Jan-2021 - 07-Jan-2022
‘Reward to Retain’ Evaluating the impact of ENABLE and UNISONS’s agreement to improve recruitment and retention through fair work
Cunningham, Ian (Principal Investigator) Baluch, Alina (Co-investigator) Jendro, Eva (Co-investigator) Scholarios, Dora (Co-investigator) Johnstone, Stewart (Co-investigator) James, Philip (Co-investigator)
Research undertaken in Enable explored issues around recruitment, retention reward and retention in the organisation. The research proposal aimed to address the following objectives: 1. Why staff join and remain within ENABLE in light of the agreement with UNISON; 2. What changes the agreement has made to the organisation’s attraction and selection strategies; 3. How these changes have impacted on service quality; and 4. How the values of Fair Work can be progressed in future relations between ENABLE and UNISON.
01-Jan-2021 - 31-Jan-2021
The future ports workforce: Towards a competitive, ‘just’ and sustainable transition
Anderson, Pauline (Principal Investigator) Scholarios, Dora (Co-investigator) Hawthorne, Margaret (Researcher)
This research project was funded by the UK Major Ports Group (UKMPG) and Maritime Skills Commission
14-Jan-2020 - 29-Jan-2021

More projects


Work, Employment and Organisation
Duncan Wing

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