Dr Francesco Sindico

Reader In International Environ. Law


Personal statement

Francesco Sindico's research spans a number of International Law fields, with a particular focus on international environmental law and international trade law. He has published in peer review journals and edited collections in these fields. He has co-edited a book in Spanish on International Environmental Law and guest edited special issues of international law journals on climate change and the global economy, transboundary aquifers and international law and the management of the Guarani Aquifer System. 

Francesco Sindico welcomes PhD research applications in Public International Law dealing primarily (but not only) with international climate change law and policy (and its interaction with international trade law) and international water law (with a particular attention for the law of transboundary aquifers). 

Francesco Sindico has been involved in a number of externally funded projects, either as principal investigator or as work package leader and has extensive experience in organising international academic conferences. 

He is fluent in English, Spanish, Italian (mothertongue) and French.


Francesco Sindico is Reader in International Environmental Law at the University of Strathclyde Glasgow, School of Law. He is also Honorary Lecturer in International Law at the Centre for Energy, Petroleum and Mineral Law and Policy of the University of Dundee, Scotland, UK, and a Visiting Lecturer in Climate Change Law and Policy at the Institute for Environment of Brunel University, London, UK. He currently serves as Associate Editor for the journals Carbon and Climate Law Review and Review of European Community and International Environmental Law. He also collaborates with Perceva Lmtd as climate change and water expert. 

Previous posts include Lecturer in International Law at the Centre for Energy, Petroleum and Mineral Law and Policy of the University of Dundee and Lecturer in Law at the School of Law of the University of Surrey, Guildford, UK, where he also served as Deputy Director of the Environmental Regulatory Research Group. 

Francesco Sindico holds a PhD in Law from the Universitat Jaume I in Castellon de la Plana, Spain, in which he looked at the interaction between international climate change law and international trade law. He also has an LLM in International Law and International Relations from the Autonoma University in Madrid, Spain and an LLB in Law from the University of Turin, Italy. 


Ouverture – Les îles, terres de solutions innovantes pour tous les territoires
Sindico Francesco
Quel droit pour l’adaptation des territoires aux changements climatiques ? L’expérience de l’île de La Réunion (2018) (2018)
The interplay between the UN Watercourses Convention and the Law on Transboundary Aquifers (Article 2)
Sindico F, Movilla L
Convention on the Law of the Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses (2018) (2018)
The Guarani Aquifer Agreement 2010
Sindico Francesco
Multilateral Environmental Treaties (2017) (2017)
Anniversary special: The inaugural issue a decade later : Climate change and security
Sindico Francesco
Carbon and Climate Law Review Vol 11 (2017), pp. 187-190 (2017)
Paris, climate change, and sustainable development
Sindico Francesco
Climate Law Vol 6, pp. 130-141 (2016)
National measures and WTO consistency : border measures and other instruments to prevent carbon leakage and level the carbon playing field
Sindico Francesco
The Oxford Handbook of International Climate Change Law (2016) (2016)

more publications

Professional activities

IUCN Academy of Environmental Law 16th Annual Colloquium
Climate Change Litigation: trends, policy implications and the way forward
2nd SCELG Public Lecture, II SCELG Festival of Environmental Law and Governance, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, 3 May 2018, ‘Climate Change: Challenges and Opportunities for Litigation’
Seminar, UE Water Politics and International Cooperation, University of Barcelona, Cooperación en materia de recursos hídricos compartidos: Acuífero Guaraní (in Spanish – Cooperation in the field of shared water resources – the Guarani Aquifer)
University of Hawai’i Law Review Symposium 2018 “The Role of International Courts in Protecting the Commons”
Expert Workshop “Interpreting Human Rights Obligations in Light of the IPCC Special Report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels”, organised by the Centre for International Environmental Law, Earthjustice and the Geneva Academyof International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights, Geneva, Switzerland, ‘Human Rights Thresholds in the Context of Climate Change’

more professional activities


Legislative Study on the Right to Water for Food and Agriculture
Switzer, Stephanie (Researcher) Morgera, Elisa (Principal Investigator) Vermeylen, Saskia (Co-investigator) Webster, Elaine (Co-investigator) Sindico, Francesco (Co-investigator)
Legislative Study on the Right to Water for Food and Agriculture - Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Period 10-Aug-2017 - 31-May-2018
Legislative Study on the Right to Water for Food and Agriculture
Morgera, Elisa (Principal Investigator) Sindico, Francesco (Co-investigator) Vermeylen, Saskia (Co-investigator) Webster, Elaine (Co-investigator)
Period 10-Aug-2017 - 31-May-2018

more projects