Dr Paul Gerard Tuohy


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering


Has expertise in:

    • Advanced buildings and building systems
    • Comfort and behaviour of people in buildings
    • Smart sustainable communities
    • Low and zero carbon technologies
    • Integration of Storage in Low Carbon Buildings and Districts
    • Design support, performance analysis, modelling, monitoring and POE
    • Renewables
    • Building regulations
    • Ecovillages
    • Passive House Design
    • Energy Systems


PhD Thesis: Strategies for low carbon buildings: Assessment of design options and translation of design intent into performance in practice. University of Strathclyde, 2013.
MSc: Energy Systems and the Environment. Thesis: Sustainable Housing. University of Strathclyde. 2004.
MSc: Design and Manufacture of Microelectronic Systems. Thesis: Realistic worsts cast parameter sets for circuit simulation. University of Edinburgh. 1986.
BSc Hons. Applied Physics. University of Strathclyde. 1983.


An enhanced virtual power plant for flexibility services into a local area (including EV's)
Howorth Gary, Kockar Ivana, Tuohy Paul, Bingham John
CIRED Porto Workshop 2022, pp. 1412 (2022)
An enhanced virtual power plant for flexibility services into a local area (including EVs)
Howorth Gary, Kockar Ivana, Tuohy Paul, Bingham John
CIRED Porto Workshop 2022, pp. 1412 (2022)
Planning level sizing of heat pumps and hot water tanks incorporating model predictive control and future electricity tariffs
Lyden Andrew, Tuohy Paul Gerard
Energy Vol 238 (2022)
Hydro–connected floating PV renewable energy system and onshore wind potential in Zambia
Nyoni Kumbuso Joshua, Maronga Anesu, Tuohy Paul Gerard, Shane Agabu
Energies Vol 14 (2021)
PyLESA : a Python modelling tool for planning-level local, integrated, and smart energy systems analysis
Lyden Andrew, Flett Graeme, Tuohy Paul G
SoftwareX Vol 14 (2021)
Evaluation of PV and CSP systems to supply power in the Zimbabwe mining sector
Maronga Anesu, Nyoni Kumbuso Joshua, Tuohy Paul Gerald, Shane Agabu
Energies Vol 14 (2021)

More publications

Research interests

  • Impact of occupant comfort and behaviour on energy use.
  • Renewable energy integration in buildings, communities and micro-grids.
  • Integration of Energy Storage in Low Carbon Buildings and Districts.
  • Future building performance, standards and regulations.
  • Building industry design process and zero defect performance in practice.
  • Building and systems performance simulation.
  • Buildings, systems and controls optimisation.
  • Passive buildings, EU Passivhaus standards.
  • Model Predictive Control of Solar Thermal Systems.
  • Microelectronic systems.

Professional activities

100% Renewable Energy Systems Masterplanning and Modelling for the £24.5M East Ayrshire Growth Deal 'National Energy Research Demonstrator (NERD)'
Absurdity of Biofuels and the 100% Renewable Future Energy System
Social Innovation Systems for Building Resilient Communities

More professional activities


Environmental monitoring: National Core Transmission Study (Phase 2)
Sharpe, Tim (Principal Investigator) McGill, Grainne (Co-investigator) Tuohy, Paul Gerard (Co-investigator)
01-Jan-2021 - 31-Jan-2023
Research to identify if changes to guidance in Standard 3.14 Ventilation in 2015 have been effective in improving ventilation and indoor air quality
Sharpe, Tim (Principal Investigator) Howieson, Stirling (Co-investigator) McElroy, Lori (Co-investigator) McGill, Grainne (Co-investigator) Tuohy, Paul Gerard (Co-investigator)
Scottish Governement Tender response (consultancyu services)
18-Jan-2021 - 26-Jan-2022
National Core Study: Covid Transmission (Building a resilient future by understanding the environmental and transmission risk factors related to SARS-CoV-2 (Covid 19)
Sharpe, Tim (Principal Investigator) McGill, Grainne (Co-investigator) Tuohy, Paul Gerard (Co-investigator)
16-Jan-2020 - 31-Jan-2021
SIES 2022: Smart Integrated Energy Systems: Enhanced Virtual Power Plant VPP+ Energy Pool Intergration for Local and Regional Resistance
Tuohy, Paul Gerard (Principal Investigator) Burt, Graeme (Co-investigator) Kockar, Ivana (Co-investigator)
14-Jan-2019 - 14-Jan-2022
Designing a factory for energy renovations - Indu-Zero
Yan, Xiu (Principal Investigator) Clarke, Joseph Andrew (Co-investigator) McMahon, Daniel (Co-investigator) Tuohy, Paul Gerard (Co-investigator)
The problem

The North Sea Region (NSR) contains 22 million houses built in 1950-1985 that are causing 79 Mton CO2 of emissions annually. Current home renovations are being carried out on a limited-scale and many are not to nZEB standard, with three consequences:

The pace of renovations is too low.
Renovation costs are too high.
Properties not renovated to nZEB standard will continue emitting CO2, and reduce the time frame for a large uptake of deep retrofits.

So, the targets of the Climate Agreement to achieve near zero energy (nZEB) for all buildings by 2050 will not be attained if we continue with current means.

The solution with INDU-ZERO

Mass uptake of home renovations towards energy-neutral in the NSR is needed to meet EU energy and climate targets. The building sector in Europe is not creating the necessary production facilities. INDU-ZERO’s solution is to design a factory blueprint, based on Smart Industry and Circular Economy, with capacity to manufacture renovation packages suitable for all NSR countries, at a high volume (15.000 renovation packages/factory/year) and at 50% lower cost.

This blueprint, together with INDU-ZERO’s project adoption activities, will lead investors, building materials groups, housing owner associations, municipalities, governments and public authorities to bring about initiatives that will result in the needed factory developments. These factories, and the 50% cost reduction in renovation packages, will lead to a mass market uptake of home renovation packages towards energy-neutral and will ultimately reduce the environmental footprint of the NSR countries to meet EU energy and climate targets. So the project focuses on:

1. Redesigning and adapting existing renovation technology for next-generation Industry4 manufacturing.

2. Upscaling of renovation manufacturing such that the pace goes up and the costs go down.

3. Developing a blueprint for Smart Renovation Factory to manufacture the renovation packages. The blueprint will be available to all factory developers. The renovation packages will consist of an external insulated envelope, heat-recovery ventilation, renewable energy generation, and all will be recyclable (circular). The Smart Renovation Factory will have production capacity 15,000 house renovation packages per annum, and will achieve 50% reduction of renovation co
01-Jan-2018 - 30-Jan-2021
Local control for renewables�Beyond Major Tom
Tuohy, Paul Gerard (Principal Investigator)
01-Jan-2017 - 31-Jan-2020

More projects


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
James Weir Building

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