Professor James Windmill

Electronic and Electrical Engineering

Personal statement

I’m a Professor in Electronic and Electrical Engineering. I gained a PhD in magnetic microscopy from the University of Plymouth in 2002, and worked at the School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, from 2003 to 2008. I also hold a first degree in Electronic Engineering from the University of Plymouth.

I joined the University of Strathclyde as a lecturer in 2008. I was promoted to senior lecturer in 2011, reader in 2014, then professor in 2017. My research focuses on the investigation of hearing systems in insects to inspire the development of new acoustic and ultrasonic sensors and systems. I am also interested in sustainable engineering through the process of remanufacturing, the development of new biomedical sensors, and the use of ultrasound in manufacturing.

I am an academic member of the Centre for Ultrasonic Engineering at Strathclyde, and have featured in more than 50 publications. I’m also the managing editor of the Journal of Remanufacturing, a relatively new open access journal.


Additive manufacturing (AM) capacitive acoustic and ultrasonic transducers using a commercial direct light processing (DLP) printer
Zhu B, Guerreiro J, Zhang Y, Tiller B, Windmill J F C
IEEE Sensors Journal Vol 20, pp. 1770-1777 (2020)
D-PorCCA, a new tool to study the behaviour of harbour porpoises
Cosentino Mel, Schwarzbach Patrick, Tougaard Jakob, Nairn David, Guarato Francesco, Jackson Joseph, Windmill James FC
World Marine Mammal Conference (2019)
Global and site-specific analysis of bone in a rat model of spinal cord injury-induced osteoporosis
Williams Jonathan A, Windmill James FC, Tanner K Elizabeth, Riddell John S, Coupaud Sylvie
Bone Reports Vol 12 (2019)
Fabrication and characterization of 3D printed thin plates for acoustic metamaterials applications
Casarini Cecilia, Romero-Garcia Vincent, Groby Jean-Philippe, Tiller Ben, Windmill James F C, Jackson Joseph C
IEEE Sensors Journal Vol 19, pp. 10365-10372 (2019)
Transmission of the frequency components of the vibrational signal of the glassy-winged sharpshooter, Homalodisca vitripennis, within and between grapevines
Gordon Shira D, Tiller Benjamin, Windmill James FC, Krugner Rodrigo, Narins Peter M
Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology Vol 205, pp. 783-791 (2019)
3D printed microneedle patches using stereolithography (SLA) for intradermal insulin delivery
Economidou Sophia N, Pere Cristiane Patricia Pissinato, Reid Andrew, Uddin Md Jasim, Windmill James FC, Lamprou Dimitrios A, Douroumis Dennis
Materials Science and Engineering: C Vol 102, pp. 743-755 (2019)

more publications


My teaching interests primarily focus on the theory and practical implementation of analogue electronics for the BEng and MEng courses in Electronic and Electrical Engineering. I am also involved in teaching microcontroller programming and interfacing. I assist in teaching biomedical electronics in the Biomedical Engineering department. I also supervise a number of students in individual or group projects.

Research interests

My research is interdisciplinary, spanning from biology to engineering, physics, maths and biomedicine. The long term goal of my cross-disciplinary research is to translate the findings from fundamental research in biological sensory systems to inspire novel artificial sensor and transducer systems, primarily relating to acoustics, ultrasonics and non-destructive evaluation. Furthermore, I am interested in how engineering impacts on the environment, and I am actively involved in research into remanufacturing as a process for sustainable engineering. I was awarded a European Research Council Consolidator Grant at the end of 2013. This large grant has provided me with long term funds to enable further development and capacity building of my research team in the area of Biologically Inspired Acoustic Systems.

Professional activities

Exploring the passive and active processes in insect hearing to inspire acoustic sensors
Sensor of the Week: The mighty moth
Insect Ears as Inspiration for Acoustic Systems
3D-Printed cellular electret sensor for acoustic applications
Bioacoustics - Investigation of hearing systems in insects to inspire the development of new acoustic and ultrasonic sensors and systems
IEEE (External organisation)

more professional activities


Bio-Inspired Adaptive Ultrasonic NDE: feasibility study
Windmill, James (Principal Investigator) Jackson, Joseph (Co-investigator) O'Leary, Richard (Co-investigator)
01-Jan-2018 - 31-Jan-2020
3DTransducers: Functional 3D Printed Transducer and Sensor Systems (Sasatin H2020 ERC PoC)
Windmill, James (Principal Investigator) Jackson, Joseph (Co-investigator)
01-Jan-2018 - 31-Jan-2019
IAA Hemideina
Windmill, James (Principal Investigator)
08-Jan-2018 - 07-Jan-2019
Soft And Small: Acoustic Transducers Inspired By Nature - SASATIN (EU European Research Council (ERC) Consolidator Grant) | Daly, Paul
Windmill, James (Principal Investigator) Jackson, Joseph (Co-investigator) Daly, Paul (Research Co-investigator)
01-Jan-2017 - 01-Jan-2021
EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Medical Devices and Health Technologies | McLean, Caitlin
Windmill, James (Principal Investigator) Dennany, Lynn (Co-investigator) McLean, Caitlin (Research Co-investigator)
01-Jan-2017 - 01-Jan-2021
Large scale demonstration of new circular economy value-chains based on the reuse of end-of-life: FiberEUse (H2020-IND-CE-2016-17)
Ijomah, Winifred (Principal Investigator) Ren, Jinchang (Co-investigator) Rentizelas, Athanasios (Co-investigator) Windmill, James (Co-investigator) Xirouchakis, Paul (Co-investigator)
01-Jan-2017 - 31-Jan-2021

more projects


Electronic and Electrical Engineering
Royal College Building

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