Strathclyde Business School Hunter Centre for Entrepreneurship

Global Entrepreneurship Monitor

The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) research programme is an annual assessment of the national level of entrepreneurial activity. Initiated in 1999 with 10 countries, it has progressively expanded its coverage.

GEM focuses on three main objectives:

  • to measure differences in entrepreneurial attitudes, activity and aspirations among economies
  • to uncover factors determining the nature and level of national entrepreneurial activity
  • to identify policy implications for enhancing entrepreneurship in an economy

The Hunter Centre has played a significant role in the international organisation of GEM since 2000 and is responsible for the Country Report for Scotland and, jointly with Aston Business School, the UK Report. During that time, GEM Scotland Reports have covered special topics including:

  • Financing of Entrepreneurship
  • Entrepreneurship, Gender and Age
  • Ethnic & Immigrant Entrepreneurship in Scotland
  • University Spinouts and Finance for Start-ups
  • Home-based Entrepreneurship
  • Education and Training for Entrepreneurship
  • Social Entrepreneurship
  • Intrapreneurship

Country coverage

In 2022, the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) research consortium measured rates of entrepreneurship by undertaking structured interviews with around 170,000 adults across 49 countries.  Within the UK, 10, 143 adults participated in the GEM Adult Population Survey (APS) in 2022. The Scotland report is based on data from 1,582 participants in the adult working-age bracket (18-64) from an overall sample of 2,020 adults (including those over 65) that took part in the APS. 

GEM reports

2022/23

Scotland 2022/23 report

2022/23 global report

UK 2022/23 report

 

2021/22

Scotland 2021/22 report

UK 2021/22 report

2021/22 Global report

 

2019/20

Scotland 2020 report

UK 2020 report 

 

2018

GEM UK 2018

 

2016

GEM UK 2016

 

2015

GEM UK 2015

 

2014

GEM Scotland 2014

GEM Scotland 2014 presentation

 

2013

GEM Scotland 2013

GEM Scotland 2013 Presentation

 

2012

GEM Scotland 2012

GEM Scotland 2012 presentation

 

2011

GEM Scotland Report 2011

GEM Scotland 2011 presentation

GEM UK 2011

 

2010

GEM Scotland 2010 Report

GEM UK 2010 Report

 

2009

GEM 2009 - Scotland Report

GEM 2009 - Scotland Report Presentation

 

2008

GEM 2007/08 Scotland Report

GEM Scotland Report 200708 Presentation

GEM 2008 UK Report

GEM 2008 Global Report

 

2006

GEM 2006 Scotland Report

GEM 2006 Presentation at Press Conference

 

2005

GEM 2005 Scotland Report

GEM 2005 Presentation at Press Conference

 

2004

GEM 2004 Scotland Report

GEM 2004 Presentation at Press Conference

 

2003

GEM 2003 Scotland Report

GEM 2003 Presentation at Press Conference

 

2002

GEM 2002 Scotland Report

GEM 2002 Presentation at Press Conference

 

2001

GEM 2001 Scotland Report

GEM 2001 Presentation at Press Conference

 

2000

GEM 2000 Scotland Report

GEM 2000 Presentation at Press Conference

 

Contact details

 Undergraduate admissions
 +44 (0)141 548 4114
 sbs-advisor@strath.ac.uk 

 Postgraduate admissions
 +44(0)141 553 6116/6105/6117
 sbs.admissions@strath.ac.uk

Address

Strathclyde Business School
University of Strathclyde
199 Cathedral Street
Glasgow
G4 0QU

Triple accredited

 
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