Labour market disadvantage

Strathclyde Business SchoolHunter Centre for Entrepreneurship

Global Entrepreneurship Monitor

The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) research programme is an annual assessment of the national level of entrepreneurial activity. Initiated in 1999 with 10 countries, it has progressively expanded its coverage. In 2014 it conducted comparative assessments of entrepreneurial activity rates in 73 economies.

GEM focuses on three main objectives:

  • to measure differences in entrepreneurial attitudes, activity and aspirations among economies
  • to uncover factors determining the nature and level of national entrepreneurial activity
  • to identify policy implications for enhancing entrepreneurship in an economy

The Hunter Centre has played a significant role in the international organisation of GEM since 2000 and is responsible for the Country Report for Scotland and, jointly with Aston Business School, the UK Report. During that time, GEM Scotland Reports have covered special topics including:

  • Financing of Entrepreneurship
  • Entrepreneurship, Gender and Age
  • Ethnic & Immigrant Entrepreneurship in Scotland
  • University Spinouts and Finance for Start-ups
  • Home-based Entrepreneurship
  • Education and Training for Entrepreneurship
  • Social Entrepreneurship
  • Intrapreneurship

Country coverage

In 2014, more than 206,000 individuals were surveyed across 73 economies and 3936 national experts on entrepreneurship from 73 economies also participated. GEM participant economies represented 72.4% of the world’s population and 90% of the world’s GDP, enabling a unique insight into national features and characteristics associated with entrepreneurial activity.

GEM Scotland 2014 was launched on the 30th September 2015 at the University of Strathclyde.

GEM reports

  • 2016

GEM UK 2016

  • 2015

GEM UK 2015


Contact details

 Undergraduate admissions
 +44 (0)141 548 4114 

 Postgraduate admissions
 +44(0)141 553 6116/6105/6117


Strathclyde Business School
University of Strathclyde
199 Cathedral Street
G4 0QU

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