Strathclyde Centre for Environmental Law & Governance News & Outreach

The BeneLex team aims to reach a variety of stakeholders through the organisation of international side-events at multilateral environmental negotiation sessions, the sharing of research results in the form of blog posts (to discuss topical international law developments that are relevant to benefit-sharing), working papers and guest articles, and the participation in other events.

In addition, our policy outputs will include:

  • policy briefs that will present in a succinct and accessible way the main project findings on whether and how benefit-sharing can (and crucially when it cannot) contribute to an equitable transition to the green economy. The briefs will be targeted to specific groups of end-users: international negotiators, the private sector, NGOs and bilateral donors advising indigenous and local communities. They will be available in English, French and Spanish;
  • a training module for indigenous peoples' and local communities' advocates and lawyers, providing practical guidance on operationalising benefit-sharing and concluding benefit-sharing agreements. The module will be developed by partner NGO Natural Justice in collaboration with the project team. The module will be made available online and in print (to be distributed through Natural Justice's networks in Latin America, Africa and Asia) in English, French and Spanish to ensure its accessibility to stakeholders in different regions.

Check our guest blog post for the Global Justice Academy and our guest article for Biodiversity Policy and Practice

2017

BENELEX at the Expert Group on SDG 2

June 2017: BENELEX researcher Elsa Tsioumani was invited to contribute to the Expert Group Meeting on Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 2 (no hunger), held from 12-13 June 2017, at the UN Headquarters in New York. The expert group produced a set of key messages, which will be forwarded to the High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development, to be held in July 2017. These messages address, among other issues: the need for transformative change to create sustainable food systems; the importance of diversity across the production chain; the need for strong legal systems and a rights-based approach; and the centrality of smallholders and family farmers. For further information click here

BENELEX and MARINE BENEFITS at the UN Ocean Conference

June 2017: Prof Elisa Morgera and Dr. Daniela Diz from the Marine Benefits project attended the Ocean Conference at the UN from 5-9 June 2017, and organized a side-event entitled SDGs and the blue economy: Investing in Marine Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation. The side-event was hosted by the Permanent Mission of Eritrea to the United Nations, in partnership with the Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation (ESPA) programme, the Global Ocean Biodiversity Initiative (GOBI), the UK Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Cefas), and Marine Scotland. The side event discussed blue economy concepts and investment in natural capital in the context of SDG 14, as well as relevant findings from fisheries-related ESPA projects, including the Marine Benefits project and its upcoming Marine Policy Journal Special Issue on SDG 14.

BENELEX on the sidelines of the Bonn climate negotiations

May 2017: BENELEX researcher Kim Bouwer attended the climate negotiations in Bonn. Dr Bouwer participated in the second workshop of the Climate Law and Governance Initiative, on 13 May, at the Ameron Konigshof Hotel, Bonn. She served as an intervenor during the second session on ‘Empowering civil society and using legal means to advance climate justice and ambition’. Dr Bouwer also presented a paper at the ‘Clear-eyed equity: setting a climate equity and justice research agenda’ workshop, run by the German Development Institute on 15 May, at Tulpenfeld 6, Bonn, on the potential for benefit-sharing approaches to support the achievement of equity in the mobilisation and distribution of climate finance.

 

BENELEX at the UN negotiations on marine biodiversity

March 2017: BENELEX and MARINE BENEFITS were very pleased to partner with WWF and the World Health Organization (WHO) to host a side-event at the United Nations in New York on 27 March, on the side-lines of the third session of the Preparatory Committee for the development of an international legally binding instrument on marine biodiversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction. The event was titled “Experiences of Benefit-Sharing Regimes and their Potential Relevance to Marine Genetic Resources and Capacity Building in Areas beyond National Jurisdiction.” BENELEX PI Morgera, Director of the Strathclyde Centre for Environmental Law and Governance, shared comparative insights into existing international regimes for fair and equitable benefit sharing, as well as the relevance of fair and equitable benefit-sharing in relation to marine scientific collaboration, capacity building and technology transfer. Dr Daniela Diz, SCELG member and MARINE BENEFITS researcher, shared reflections on the linkages between environmental impact assessments and benefit-sharing. Steven Solomon, WHO Principal Legal Advisor, explained the specific features and opportunities of the World Health Organisation’s Pandemic Influenza Preparedness (PIP) Framework. Jessica Battle (WWF) offered opening and closing remarks at the event; and Angel Horna, Peru, chaired the event.

 

MARINE BENEFITS at SIDS event in Brussels

March 2017: Dr Daniela Diz of the Marine Benefits project was invited to participate in the Small Islands Developing States (SIDS) Capacity Development Aspects in the BBNJ (Biodiversity beyond National Jurisdiction) process, which took place on 7-9 March 2017 in Oostende and Brussels, Belgium. The workshop, co-organised by the Government of Belgium and UNESCO, aimed at contributing to the ongoing negotiations on a new international treaty on marine biological diversity beyond areas of national jurisdiction in New York, by discussing capacity building needs and SIDS priorities regarding marine biodiversity, as well as climate change.  The workshop, held under Chatham House rules, was attended by high-level government officials, UN and inter-governmental officials, civil society and academia and discussed capacity building and technology transfer with regards to marine protected areas, environmental impact assessments and marine genetic resources.

2016

Prof Elisa Morgera contributes to side-event on 'Biodiversity Governance – identifying knowledge gaps and needed research activities' in Cancun

December 2016, BENELEX  co-organised a side-event during the upcoming meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (4 - 17 December 2016, Cancun, Mexico), in collaboration with SCELG, Director Prof Elisa Morgera will contribute to the event “Biodiversity Governance – identifying knowledge gaps and needed research activities”. The event provided an opportunity to share Prof Morgera’s recent findings on benefit-sharing related to natural resource-related human rights of indigenous peoples and local communities and engage the audience in participatory identification of the directions that social science research should take to support your participation in CBD processes and implementation.

Highlighting several “contact points” between international biodiversity law and international human rights law, Elisa, shared findings from the BENELEX project that suggest that human rights standards can provide specific standards for understanding when benefit sharing is fair and equitable, and that international biodiversity law provides specific guidelines on how to put human rights precepts into practice.

BeneLex and Marine Benefits organise side-event on Tenure Governance and the Sustainable Development Goals: Leaving no-one behind in the land and fisheries sectors at the Committee on World Food Security.

October 2016: The BENELEX and MARINE BENEFITS projects, in collaboration with the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) and the FAO Legal Office, organised the side event "Tenure Governance and the Sustainable Development Goals: Leaving no-one behind in the land and fisheries sectors?" on 20 October 2016, at the Committee on World Food Security in Rome, Italy.

The event explored legal and policy tools aiming to inject fairness and equity in tenure governance and sustainable development. Focusing on the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (VGGT). The event also highlighted research on lessons and challenges arising from the application of the concept of fair and equitable benefit-sharing in the land, food, agriculture and fisheries sectors, and explore the ‘leave no-one behind’ concept on the basis of case studies from the fisheries sector.

BeneLex researchers Elisa Morgera and Elsa Tsioumani, with Daniela Diz from the Marine Benefits project, were joined by IIED's Lorenzo Cotula and Dave Steinbach, and FAO's Margret Vidar, to discuss challenges and opportunities arising from the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. 


2016 Annual Science Conference of the Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation Programme
The Conference will focus on synthesising learning across projects to answer the following questions: How do ecosystem services influence human well-being in different ecosystems / locations and for different socio-economic groups? How will this change over time and what is driving this change? What options exist to mediate linkages so that human well-being is enhanced and ecosystems are conserved? What are the barriers / uncertainties inhibiting simultaneous achievement of the conservation and development outcomes and how can we overcome them? This includes those relating to governance and decision-making. Dr Daniela Diz will present the findings of the MARINE BENEFITS project on fair and equitable benefit-sharing from sustainable fisheries. Find out more.
Side-event at the Committee on Food Security
The BeneLex and MARINE BENEFITS projects, in collaboration with the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) and the FAO Legal Office, will explore legal and policy tools aiming to inject fairness and equity in tenure governance and sustainable development. Focusing on the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (VGGT), and showcasing the recently published FAO Technical Guide on Responsible Governance of Tenure and the Law, discussions will address legal approaches for operationalizing the VGGT, including securing legitimate tenure rights as a step towards food security. They will also highlight research on lessons and challenges arising from the application of the concept of fair and equitable benefit-sharing in the land, food, agriculture and fisheries sectors; and explore the ‘leave no-one behind’ concept, on the basis of case studies from the fisheries sector.
UN expert consultation on biodiversity and human rights
BeneLex and MARINE BENEFITS PI Elisa Morgera has been invited to contribute to the consultation, organized in cooperation with the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), as part of the 2016 thematic project studying human rights obligations pertaining to biodiversity and ecosystems of the UN Special Rapporteur John Knox. The report aims to clarify how human rights obligations apply to conservation policies and programmes, how conservation can support human rights, and best practices in avoiding any conflicts between the worthwhile goals of conserving biodiversity and ecosystems, on the one hand, and safeguarding human rights, on the  other. The consultation will gather approximately 20-25 participants, with a wide range of experience and expertise in human rights and/or conservation, including representatives of international  institutions and civil society organizations as well as academics. Discussions, challenges and lessons learned identified through the consultation will help to inform my next report to the  UN Human Rights Council, to be presented in March 2017.
BeneLex side-event at 20th Meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice of the Convention on Biological Diversity
On 25 April 2016, BeneLex and MARINE BENEFITS hosted a side-event titled “Fair and Equitable Benefit-sharing from Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use, Climate Responses and Sustainable Fisheries” in Montreal during the Twentieth meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice of the Convention on Biological Diversity.
The event was chaired by Prof Nicole Schabus, an expert in constitutional, criminal, Aboriginal and environmental law at Thompson River University (Kamloops, BC, Canada). PI Elisa Morgera, BeneLex researcher Annalisa Savaresi and MARINE BENEFITS researcher Daniela Diz shared findings on: 
1) fair and equitable benefit-sharing from the sustainable use of natural resources (extractives, tourism and conservation) in indigenous peoples’ territories, in light of recent international human rights case law; 
2) fair and equitable benefit-sharing from the use of traditional knowledge (including for non-commercial purposes), with particular attention to the climate change regime; and 
3) fair and equitable benefit-sharing from sustainable fisheries, based on recent developments in the international law of the sea concerning small-scale fisheries communities, as well as practice related to marine ecosystem services and poverty alleviation.
Ensuing discussion focused on inter-generational equity and on the role of interdisciplinarity. The views exchanged at the event will inform our research on these topics. We will share our papers online to seek further feedback as soon as possible
BeneLex and Marine Benefits invited to IIED expert meeting on "Leaving no one behind"

On 15 April 2016, BeneLex PI Elisa Morgera and Marine Benefit researcher Daniela Diz were invited to contribute to an expert meeting organised by the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) in London on the concept of "leave no one behind" and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The meeting focused on developing a working definition, principles and an analytical framework for the concept of "Leave No One Behind," including on the basis of BeneLex international law research on fair and equitable benefit-sharing and the right to development and of the Marine Benefits research on equity and benefit-sharing in the fisheries sector. 

BeneLex contributes to symposium "Rights and Resources: Community Engagement with Extractive Industries"
On 14 April 2016, BeneLex research Louisa Parks attended a symposium organised by the Heinrich Böll Foundation and Natural Justice entitled ‘Rights and Resources: Community Engagement with Extractive Industries’ in Berlin. The event included presentations on community protocol processes in Argentina, India, Kenya and Zimbabwe, as part of an action research project led by Natural Justice and the Heinrich Böll Foundation. Discussions focused on lessons learned and best practices. During a world cafe session discussing a variety of issues linked to community protocols, Parks facilitated discussions on options for benefit-sharing in the context of extractive industries alongside a colleague from the Heinrich Böll Foundation.
BeneLex contributes to IUCN workshop on marine genetic resources
On 2 April 2016, BeneLex PI Elisa Morgera participated in the workshop "Challenges and opportunities for addressing marine genetic resources in areas beyond national jurisdiction" organised by IUCN at New York University. Several delegations participating in the first session of the Preparatory Committee on an international legally binding instrument on marine biodiversity beyond areas of national jurisdiction were also in attendance. The event served to discuss factual and legal challenges related to the creation of new international rules on fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from bioprospecting in marine areas beyond national jurisdiction.
BeneLex invited to contribute to Geneva Academy's training on human rights and the environment
BeneLex principal investigator Elisa Morgera was invited to contribute to the Geneva Academy's Training on the protection of human rights & the environment (7-11 March 2016, Geneva, Switzerland). Prof. Morgera's lecture on 10th March focused on human rights and international biodiversity law, including on fair and equitable benefit-sharing and on business' responsibility to respect human rights. Professor John Knox, the UN Special Rapporteur on Environment and Human Rights, will also contribute to the training session. The course was attended by environmental activists, government representatives and university researchers.
BeneLex contributes to CBD Expert Group on multilateral benefit-sharing under Nagoya Protocol

On 1st February 2016, BeneLex principal investigator Elisa Morgera presented, via video conference, a study on multilateral benefit-sharing experiences in international law at the Expert Group Meeting on Article 10 of the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-sharing to the Convention on Biological Diversity (held in Montreal, Canada from 1-2 February). The study is the result of a consultancy awarded to Prof Morgera by the CBD Secretariat to review and analyse experiences gained with the implementation of the Nagoya Protocol, as well as case studies on ex-situ and in-situ genetic resources, traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources, and transboundary situations. In addition, the consultancy analysed experiences gained in other multilateral benefit-sharing mechanisms, and assess the potential relevance of ongoing work undertaken by other international processes. The study is expected to inform ongoing intergovernmental negotiations on the possible creation of a global, multilateral benefit-sharing mechanism under the Nagoya Protocol, which would be used to support the conservation of biological diversity and the sustainable use of its components globally.

The report "Study on Experiences Gained with the Development and Implementation of the Nagoya Protocol and Other Multilateral Mechanisms and the Potential Relevance of Ongoing Work Undertaken by Other Processes, Including Case Studies" is available

2015

BeneLex contributes to side-event on REDD+ at the Paris Climate Conference
On 30th November 2015, the BeneLex team contributed to the side-event on "REDD+, international human rights and biodiversity law" at the Paris Climate Conference. The side-event was organized by L’Association française des Nations Unies d’Aix-en-Provence, l’Organisation internationale de la francophonie and the government of Madagascar, in cooperation with the research projects CIRCULEX (Circulations de normes et réseaux d’acteurs dans la gouvernance internationale de l’environnement), PRIGOUE (Une privatisation de la gouvernance globale de l'environnement? Rôles des standards durables multi-acteurs dans la régulation des CEP) and BeneLex. Elisa Morgera and Annalisa Savaresi presented BeneLex research on REDD+ and fair and equitable benefit-sharing, focusing on the interplay between international climate change, biodiversity and human rights law. The papers presented at the event can be found at http://tinyurl.com/j8wojs3.
BeneLex contributes to expert workshop on developing an equity framework on protected area governance

On 12th November 2015, BeneLex principal investigator Elisa Morgera was invited to contribute to an expert workshop on developing an equity framework for protected area governance, which was organised by the International Institute for Environment and Development in London, UK. The workshop gathered academics from different disciplines and conservation to discuss how to better understand and promote equitable protected areas governance and how to measure progress towards achieving that end, and to identify opportunities for engaging in key international processes. 

 

As a result of the workshop, IIED published a briefing on advancing equity in protected areas, according to which "equitable distribution of costs and sharing of benefits relies on the recognition of power dynamics and strong procedures to avoid the elite capture of benefits and the imposition of unmitigated costs on particular groups." The proposed equity framework includes that "Benefits shared among relevant actors according to one or more of the following criteria: equally between relevant actors, or according to contribution to conservation, costs incurred, recognised rights and/or the needs of the poorest; and benefits to the current generation do not compromise benefits to future generations." Read the policy brief.

BeneLex side-event at the ninth meeting of the Working Group on Traditional Knowledge of the Convention on Biological Diversity
On 6th November 2015, the BeneLex team organized the side-event “Fair and Equitable Benefit-Sharing for the Protection and Full Realization of the Human Rights of Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities: Challenges and Opportunities in International Law” at the Ninth meeting of the Ad HocOpen-ended Working Group on Article 8(j) and Related Provisions of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) held in Montreal, Canada, from 4-7 November 2015. The event aimed to discuss new research findings on actual and potential interactions between the CBD and international human rights law on fair and equitable benefit-sharing of relevance to indigenous peoples and local communities. In particular, the event focused on: benefit-sharing from the sustainable use of natural resources (not only genetic resources, but also extractives, tourism and conservation) and from the use of traditional knowledge (including for non-commercial purposes); lessons learnt in case studies in South Africa (access to protected areas), Namibia (traditional management of protected areas), Argentina (mining in indigenous lands), Malaysia (agricultural development in indigenous land) and Greece (traditional pastoralism); and opportunities for benefit-sharing to address equity issues from global to local levels in relation to fisheries, marine ecosystem services and poverty alleviation (the latter based on our sister project Marine Benefits).
BeneLex side-event at the sixth meeting of the Governing Body of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
The BeneLex team organized a side-event during the sixth meeting of the Governing Body of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGR) in Rome, Italy, on 8th October 2015. The event provided an opportunity for stakeholders to express views on and provide inputs into ongoing research on fair and equitable benefit-sharing related to agriculture, land and food under the BeneLex project. BeneLex PI Elisa Morgera presented a proposed conceptualization of fair and equitable benefit-sharing that cuts across different areas of international law, and shared lessons learnt across existing multilateral benefit-sharing mechanisms. Louisa Parks discussed preliminary findings concerning indigenous and local communities' benefit-sharing experience on the ground, with a particular focus on agriculture in Malaysia and pastoralism in Greece. Elsa Tsioumani shared preliminary findings from research on fair and equitable benefit-sharing in the agriculture and land sector, including on linking the ITPGR provisions with relevant human rights discourses and land-related instruments. In the ensuing discussions, participants highlighted, among other things, the need to: factor in multiple layers of complexity under international benefit-sharing regimes, question the role and limitations of international law in pursuing equity, and further investigate the role of non-monetary benefit-sharing for development purposes.
BeneLex contributes to UNESCO “Our Common Future under Climate Change” Conference

On 8th July 2015, BeneLex researcher Annalisa Savaresi participated in the scientific conference “Our common future under climate change” held in Paris at the headquarters of the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). The conference aimed to share knowledge and exchange ideas on key issues concerning climate change, with over 2,000 participants from different sectors. The conference was the largest forum for the scientific community to come together ahead of the 21st Climate Conference (COP21), which will be hosted by France in December 2015 and is expected to adopt a new international climate agreement.

Dr Savaresi contributed to the session on “Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Science in Collaboration for Our Common Future,” with a presentation on "traditional knowledge and benefit-sharing in the 2015 agreement," in which she reflected on the scope for elaborating a common approach to the use of traditional knowledge under the climate regime, building on extant international law. The session also saw the participation of Victoria Tauli Corpuz, UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

BeneLex researchers Invited to Expert Workshop on Equity, Justice and Well-being in Ecosystem Governance
On 26-27th March 2015, BeneLex principal investigator Elisa Morgera and researcher Annalisa Savaresi were invited to contribute to an expert workshop on equity, justice and well-being in ecosystem governance organised by the International Institute for Environment and Development in London, UK. The workshop gathered academics from different disciplines and conservation and REDD+ practitioners. The BeneLex contributed its preliminary findings on the role of equity in international environmental and human rights law, focusing in particular on the evolution of the legal concept of fair and equitable benefit-sharing and its relevance for the governance of protected areas and REDD+ activities.
BeneLex researchers invited to join Global Specialist Group on Access and Benefit-sharing
In February 2015, BeneLex principal investigator Elisa Morgera and researcher Elsa Tsioumani were invited to join a newly established Global Specialist Group on Access and Benefit-sharing (ABS) and Related Issues, under the aegis of the IUCN Species Survival Commission and IUCN’s World Commission on Environmental Law. The establishment of the Specialist Group was called for under the IUCN World Conservation Congress Resolution 115 on Support for the implementation of the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing, in order “to provide the necessary technical assistance to Parties and other stakeholders as appropriate, for the development of ABS laws, regulations and policies as a vital part of national ratification processes” and “to further support … the operationalisation of the Nagoya Protocol by promoting awareness raising and capacity development initiatives”.
BeneLex researcher participates in brainstorming workshop on the ITPGR Benefit-Sharing Fund
On 17th January 2015, BeneLex researcher Elsa Tsioumani was invited to participate in a brainstorming workshop organized by the Swiss government, which explored possible investment strategies for the Benefit-Sharing Fund of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGR). The workshop was held at the Città dell’Altra Economia in Rome, Italy, and gathered approximately 25 invited participants from governments, national and international agricultural research centers, farmers’ organizations, NGOs, academia and the private sector. The workshop reviewed benefit-sharing practices under the Treaty and explored potential resource allocation strategies. Its focus was thus different from the mandate of the ITPGR Working Group to Enhance the Functioning of the Multilateral System of Access and Benefit-sharing, which centers on resource mobilization, in particular through user-based payments and contributions to the Benefit-Sharing Fund.

2014

BeneLex participates in the 3rd UNITAR-Yale Conference on Environmental Governance & Democracy
In September 2014 BeneLex was presented at the 3rd UNITAR-Yale Conference on Environmental Governance & Democracy, held at Yale University, New Haven, USA. The conference saw the participation of Professor John Knox, Independent Expert on Human Rights and the Environment, who gathered data towards the fulfillment of his mandate to identify, promote and exchange views on best practices on the use of human rights obligations and commitments to inform, support and strengthen environmental policymaking. Professor Knox invited all participants to contribute to a survey on the issue, the results of which are due to be presented to the Human Rights Council in March 2015. The BeneLex team will contribute to the survey by submitting information on benefit-sharing practices.
BeneLex contributes to CBD/IDLO event
On 21st June 2014, Dr Elisa Morgera (BeneLex Principal Investigator) was invited to participate in the Roundtable on Legal Preparedness for the Implementation and Mainstreaming of National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans organised by the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the International Development Law Organization (IDLO). Dr Morgera contributed perspectives on the role of law and of benefit-sharing as a speaker in a Knowledge Cafe' Session, and as a moderator in the afternoon break-out group session. BeneLex publications were displayed at the event's Knowledge Sharefair.
BeneLex invited to contribute to UNEP Handbook
In May 2014, Dr Elisa Morgera (BeneLex Principal Investigator) was invited to peer review the third edition of the Handbook on Trade and the Environment, focused on the green economy, produced by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) and the International Institute for Sustainable Development.
Benefit-sharing and the law: unraveling the Nagoya Protocol and mapping other opportunities for benefit-sharing
On 27th February 2014, Dr Elisa Morgera and Elsa Tsioumani organised a side-event during the third meeting of the Ad Hoc Open-ended Intergovernmental Committee for the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-sharing under the Convention on Biological Diversity (Pyeongchang, Korea, 24-28 February 2014). The event provided an opportunity to introduce international stakeholders to the BeneLex project, as well as the findings of previous research conducted by Morgera and Tsioumani on benefit-sharing in the context of the Nagoya Protocol. Participants were invited to exchange ideas on the role of benefit-sharing in ensuring equitable, constructive and culturally appropriate legal arrangements to not only in relation to access to genetic resources and traditional knowledge, but also climate change and the sustainable management of forests, oceans and lands. The Executive Secretary of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Braulio Dias, and around 50 participants representing national governments, intergovernmental organisations, NGOs and think tanks participated in the event.

2013

BeneLex contributes to Scotland's International Conference on Climate Justice

On 9th October 2013, the International Conference on Climate Justice hosted by the Scottish Government took place in Edinburgh, bringing together businesses, government and civil society to explore how climate justice can reinforce the case for transitioning to a low-carbon economy; delivering jobs, investment, trade and growth; and putting people and human rights at the heart of equitable global sustainable development.

The BeneLex team was invited to contribute to the event by giving an interview on means that may be deployed to achieve climate justice. Dr. Savaresi explained how the concept of benefit- sharing could be instrumental in ensuring a transition towards a more equitable allocation of advantages deriving from climate change mitigation and adaptation, from the global to the local level. As an example, she said that action to curb greenhouse gas emissions from forests provides an unprecedented opportunity not only to assist developing countries in fighting climate change but also to protect and reward forest stewardship by indigenous peoples and local communities. Dr. Savaresi explained that one of the aims of the BeneLex project is to assess how a shift from a burden-sharing to a benefit-sharing approach may help reconcile competing state interests, and different ethical and cultural views within states with regard to effectively tackling climate change.