Dr Charles Knapp

Reader

Civil and Environmental Engineering

Personal statement

Dr Knapp is Director of Postgraduate Studies and an active researcher in the "Water, Environment, Sustainability and Public Health" (WESP) research centre.

Think you can live without microbes?  Do you want to take that challenge?

Microorganisms are omnipresent and capable of impacting the entire biosphere. They, especially bacteria, are highly diverse in structure and function, and they can play a significant role in the cycling of nutrients, remediation of contamination, and public health. Unfortunately, many people often overlook the ecological interactions within the microbial communities that support the process. Understanding these interactions requires knowledge of organisms' distribution and abundance and their interactions in an environmental setting. Further, it requires analytical tools to examine microbial organisms in an effective and timely fashion. Fortunately, high throughput culture-independent molecular methods are allowing researchers to monitor these interactions quantitatively. My research interest involves the integration of state-of-the-art microbiological measurement technologies and ecological principles into the realm of environmental protection and sustainability.

Expertise

Has expertise in:

    Research themes:

    • Antibiotic resistance in the environment
    • Antimicrobial resistance
    • Susceptibility assays
    • Biological indicators of environmental pollution
    • Microbiological community stability in engineered and natural systems
    • Eco-toxicology, bioremediation
    • Outdoor, microcosm/mesocosm experimental systems

    Routine research services

    • DNA/RNA analyses
    • PCR (polymerase chain reaction)
    • Genetic probe design (primer design)
    • Community analysis (sequencing, DGGE)
    • Biological assessments of soil, sediment and water
    • Molecular and microbiological techniques
    • Phytoplankton, algae
    • Bacteria
    • Micro-invertebrates
    • Water quality monitoring
    • Soil quality determinations
    • Wastewater analysis

    Advance Statistics

    • Descriptor / inferential 
    • Multi-parametric analyses
    • Non-parametric analyses
    • Community analyses

Prizes and awards

Researcher Development Programme Supervisor, 2017-18 - Nominated
Recipient
19/6/2018
Teaching Excellence Awards - Nominated
Recipient
11/5/2018
Teaching Excellence Awards - Shortlisted "Best in Faculty"
Recipient
5/2016
Teaching Excellence Awards - Shortlisted "Best in Faculty"
Recipient
14/5/2015
Teaching Excellence Awards (2014) -- Shortlisted "Best Overall Supportive Teacher"
Recipient
2014
“Best Environmental Science Paper of 2009”, Runner-up; Environmental Science and Technology 
Recipient
2/2010

More prizes and awards

Qualifications

Work Experience

Additional Qualifications:

  • 2015 - Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (FHEA) 

Publications

Bioavailability of potentially toxic elements influences antibiotic resistance gene and mobile genetic element abundances in urban and rural soils
Robins Katie, McCann Clare M, Zhou Xin-Yuan, Su Jian-Qiang, Cooke Martin, Knapp Charles W, Graham David W
Science of the Total Environment Vol 847 (2022)
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.157512
Evaluating acute toxicity in enriched nitrifying cultures : lessons learned
Lopez Carla, Knapp Charles W
Journal of Microbiological Methods Vol 192 (2022)
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mimet.2021.106377
Pharmaceuticals and personal care products' (PPCPs) impact on enriched nitrifying cultures
Lopez Carla, Nnorom Mac-Anthony, Tsang Yiu Fai, Knapp Charles W
Environmental Science and Pollution Research Vol 28, pp. 60968-60980 (2021)
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-14696-7
High prevalence and factors associated with the distribution of the integron intI1 and intI2 genes in Scottish cattle herds
Fernández Rivas Cristina, Porphyre Thibaud, Chase-Topping Margo E, Knapp Charles W, Williamson Helen, Barraud Olivier, Tongue Sue C, Silva Nuno, Currie Carol, Elsby Derek T, Hoyle Deborah V
Frontiers in Veterinary Science Vol 8 (2021)
https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2021.755833
Transcriptomic profile and probiotic properties of Lactiplantibacillus pentosus pre-adapted to edible oils
García Esther Alonso, de la Fuente Ordoñez Juan José, Lavilla Lerma Leyre, Estudillo-Martínez María D, Castillo-Gutiérrez Sonia, Benomar Nabil, Knapp Charles W, Abriouel Hikmate
Frontiers in Microbiology Vol 12 (2021)
https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2021.747043
The ecology and bioactivity of some Greco-Roman medicinal minerals : the case of Melos earth pigments
Knapp Charles, Christidis George, Venieri Danae, Gounaki Iosofina, Gibney-Vamvakari Julie, Stillings Mark, Photos-Jones Effie
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences Vol 13 (2021)
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-021-01396-z

More publications

Teaching

Management roles:

Courses:

  • Water & Wastewater Treatment Design (CL447 + CL978)
  • Principles of Environmental Microbiology (CL430 + CL948)
  • Independent research projects (e.g., CL973, CL998, CL999)
  • Dissertations/theses (year 4, MSc, MRes)

Awards:

  • 2018 - Teaching Excellence Awards, nominated
  • 2016 - Teaching Excellence Awards, shortlisted Best in Faculty.
  • 2015 - Teaching Excellence Awards, shortlisted Best in Faculty.
  • 2015 - Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (FHEA)
  • 2014 - Teaching Excellence Awards, shortlisted Overall Best Supportive Teacher

International courses

  • Gdansk University of Technology (Poland), Inter-Applied Chemistry (2020)
  • Rajamangala University of Technology-Krungthep (Thailand), International School (2020)
  • Gdansk University of Technology (Poland, 2018)
  • Indian Institute of Technology-Bombay, Department of Civil Engineering (India, 2017)
  • Gdansk University of Technology (Poland, 2014-15)

Research interests

  1. Environmental Microbiology
  2. Eco-toxicology
  3. Soil & Water Quality
  4. Antibiotic resistance in the environment

Microorganisms are omnipresent and capable of impacting the entire biosphere. They, especially the bacteria, are highly diverse in terms of structure and function, and they can play a major role in cycling of nutrients, remediation of contamination, and public health. My research interest involves the integration of state-of-the-art microbiological measurement technologies and ecological principles into the realm of environmental protection and sustainability.

Some on-going projects: 

Team DAGGAR - Dangerous and Growing Globally, Antimicrobial Resistance. 

Work related to antimicrobial resistance evolved from pharmaceutical eco-toxicology with the development of microbial-community endpoints. This work resulted in international exposure and award-winning publications. International collaborations include researchers and government/policy agencies in Australia, UK, USA, Canada, Cuba, Denmark and The Netherlands. Research focus has been to quantitatively measure resistance genes and antibiotics in the environment; it extends previous qualitative observations to a predictive level aimed at solving practical problems.  The investigations of PEC (pollutants of emerging concern) continue, as it remains a contemporary international problem.

Team ARMOR – Antimicrobial Resistance May Offer Resilience? (stability and resilience of microbial communities and performance during pollution stress). 

Microbial community dynamics are examined in response to contaminant exposure in engineered bioreactors. The research endeavours to find processes that are ecologically resilient and economically robust to avoid major investment in a new (or upgraded) treatment process as new regulations emerge.

GR-AMS - Greco-Roman Antimicrobial Minerals.  Multi-disciplinary, collaborative project.

British Colonialism, Marine Sciences and Fisheries Governance. Interdisciplinary project with History Department and U. Mzuzu in Malawi. 

 

Professional activities

AMR in the environment (UK)
Speaker
23/2/2021
Invited Lectures: Wastewater & water treatment: water resource management
Speaker
7/10/2020
Gdańsk University of Technology
Visiting researcher
10/2020
Honorary Senior Lecturer (U. Glasgow)
Recipient
15/4/2020
Invited Lecture: Wastewater & water treatment: implications on antimicrobial resistance
Speaker
2/3/2020
Rajamangala University of Technology Krungthep
Visiting researcher
27/2/2020

More professional activities

Projects

KTP 13260 - AHK Energy Services Ltd. Development of robust analytical methodology to support the creation of an index of risk of self-heating ability of biomass pellets
Lord, Richard (Principal Investigator) Knapp, Charles (Co-investigator) Li, Jun (Co-investigator) Liggat, John (Co-investigator)
01-Jan-2022 - 31-Jan-2025
British Colonialism, Marine Sciences, and Fisheries Governance: Lessons from Lake Malawi in the Mid- Twentieth Century
Wilson, David (Principal Investigator) Knapp, Charles (Co-investigator) Morse, Tracy (Co-investigator)
04-Jan-2022 - 03-Jan-2023
Scotland-India Antimicrobial Resistance in the Environment Network (SIAMREN)
Ward, Andrew (Principal Investigator) Knapp, Charles (Co-investigator)
23-Jan-2020 - 30-Jan-2021
Identification of sensor targets for low cost soil fertility assessment
Ward, Andrew (Principal Investigator) Corrigan, Damion (Co-investigator) Knapp, Charles (Co-investigator)
09-Jan-2020 - 08-Jan-2021
Monitoring of PAHs and heavy metals in sediments industrial estuaries
Knapp, Charles (Principal Investigator)
01-Jan-2018 - 30-Jan-2020
EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Future Power Networks and Smart Grids | Hall, Rebecca
João, Elsa (Principal Investigator) Knapp, Charles (Co-investigator) Hall, Rebecca (Research Co-investigator)
01-Jan-2017 - 01-Jan-2022

More projects

Address

Civil and Environmental Engineering
James Weir Building

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