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LLMClimate & Energy Law

Why this course?

Climate change is one of the greatest challenges humanity currently faces. The transition to a sustainable energy system will rely heavily on law for effective implementation. The LLM in Climate & Energy Law will equip you with the skills needed to play a leading role in meeting this challenge.

The flexible, online nature of the LLM in Climate & Energy Law allows students to participate in this exciting programme through a virtual learning environment while continuing their current careers.

This Masters level degree is aimed at professionals working in the international climate and energy field. It is completed fully online allowing you to gain a specialised qualification without the need to relocate or interrupt your daily work.

The content of this degree is equally relevant to those working in the public, private or civil society sectors. It will also appeal to recent graduates looking to move into the climate change and energy law field.

You'll study

The content of this degree is designed to equip graduates with the knowledge needed to understand rapidly evolving energy markets and implement policy efforts such as those adopted under the Paris Agreement.

You’ll learn from leading experts in the field of climate change and energy law, stemming from a wide range of academic and professional backgrounds. Key areas of study include:

  • climate law, finance & litigation
  • carbon markets & pricing
  • energy law, finance & markets
  • renewable energy
  • emissions trading

Individual and collective behaviour – including the conduct of nation states – will need to fundamentally evolve if the transition to a low-carbon, sustainable global economy is to succeed. Participants in the LLM in Climate & Energy Law will have the opportunity to study the legal frameworks governing this transformation.

Climate change mitigation and adaptation, as well as the regulation of evolving energy systems, are approached from an international and comparative perspective, including the roles of finance and investment, litigation, and interlinkages with biodiversity protection, land use, international trade, human rights, and other issue areas.

Depending on the number of credits accrued students can achieve different qualifications:

  • LLM (180 credits)
  • PgDip (120 credits)
  • PgCert (60 credits)

Course content

Climate, Energy & International Law

Climate change and energy are inherently related. Only through a shift in energy production and consumption patterns can we truly move towards a low carbon society. In this class you will explore the international legal frameworks applicable to climate change and energy, with a particular focus on sustainable energy. These frameworks include, amongst others, the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, the Sustainable Development Goals and IRENA (the International Renewable Energy Agency).

Climate, Energy & Comparative Law

A flexible international legal framework has emerged to address climate change and govern energy production and use. Countries therefore retain ample discretion in how they regulate both climate change and energy domestically. This class will equip you with the necessary understanding of the nature, principles and objectives of national climate and energy laws, the instruments available for implementation, and issues such as the relationship of national and subnational normative structures. You will learn how to apply a comparative legal perspective, and – based on concrete country examples – locate, research and understand relevant domestic law.

Climate & Energy Finance

A transformation of unprecedented scale will be necessary to reverse climate change and ensure the transition to a sustainable energy system. Meeting this challenge will require substantial public and private investment into the deployment of low-carbon technologies and infrastructure. With his class, you will obtain an advanced overview of policies and institutions created to channel investment into climate change mitigation and adaptation as well as sustainable energy technology and infrastructure. Topics covered in this class include carbon pricing, multilateral institutions of climate finance, and approaches to structuring debt and equity finance of energy projects.

Sustainable Energy Governance

Energy generation and use remain the main sources of greenhouse gas emissions. Given the urgency accorded to climate change mitigation by the international community, sustainable energy targets have been adopted at various levels around the world, along with a range of policies and measures to achieve a transformation of the energy system. Through this class, you will develop an understanding of major technology and economic drivers in the energy sector, as well as policies available to regulators to promote the expansion of low- and zero-carbon energy generation technologies, increase energy efficiency, incentivise alternative technologies in transport, and ensure that both energy markets and energy infrastructure enable the transition to a sustainable energy economy.

Climate, Energy & Litigation

The "Urgenda" case and other cases relevant to climate change and energy have shown that even national governments can be pushed to accelerate their agendas by the courts. This class will explore the role of litigation in mitigating and adapting to climate change, as well as how a shift towards greener sources of energy can be bolstered through the action of national and international courts. You will explore issues around climate, energy and litigation in a practical way by focusing on real and hypothetical cases.

Climate, Energy & the Global Economy

Energy production and consumption are at the heart of the global economy. If we want to decarbonise and move towards a low carbon society we need to rethink how the global economy operates and is governed. In this class we will focus on the challenges and opportunities provided for by international trade in the context of climate change and energy. Hence, we will focus on the legal frameworks provided for by the World Trade Organisation and their impact on climate change and energy, but we will also explore legal frameworks around other global economic trends and patterns.

Learning & teaching

The curriculum is delivered fully online through Strathclyde's virtual learning environment. Classes will be taught through a combination of podcasts, lectures, forums and tutorials.

You will have extensive opportunities for engagement with fellow students and with members of the teaching faculty. Where necessary Skype meetings can be arranged to further support you through any elements of the programme or classes.


The course will be assessed through a mix of forum participation, practical exercises and research-based coursework.

Students seeking award of the Masters Degree (LLM) will need to complete a dissertation.

Entry requirements

Potential participants should ideally have a first degree in a relevant subject, but applications are welcome from candidates with significant high-caliber industry or government experience. A formal legal background is not required.

English language requirements

You're required to have a suitable minimum level of competency in the English language if your first language is not English or if you have not been educated wholly or mainly in the medium of English.

Pre-Masters preparation course

The Pre-Masters Programme is a preparation course held at the University of Strathclyde International Study Centre, for international students (non EU/UK) who do not meet the entry requirements for a Masters degree at University of Strathclyde. The Pre-Masters programme provides progression to a number of degree options.

Upon successful completion, you will be able to progress to this degree course at the University of Strathclyde.

Fees & funding


All fees quoted are per academic year unless stated otherwise.


  • £11,400

Rest of UK

  • £11,400


  • £11,400

How can I fund my course?

Check our Scholarship Search for more help with fees and funding.

Strathclyde Alumni

Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences Alumni Discount

10% tuition fee discount is offered to all Strathclyde alumni completing a full-time postgraduate taught course in the Faculty of Humanities & Social Sciences.

Please note

The fees shown are annual and may be subject to an increase each year. Find out more about fees.


The skills you will acquire through completion of the LLM will allow you to confidently move into an exciting and expanding area of law. Career paths open to graduates may be in the public and private sector, both in international and domestic environments.

You'll be well prepared to apply for positions in climate/energy think-tanks, research centres and non-governmental organisations. Your analytical skills and knowledge of both general climate change law and specific areas thereof, the latter developed in particular through your dissertation, will be very useful assets.

You may consider jobs in the private sector in climate change consultancy firms, in the ever-growing field of carbon trading and in specialised law firms. Finally, and very importantly, those who will join the programme from their own governments will be able to return to their own country and provide increased capacity in the field of climate and energy law. This will lead to better participation in international climate and energy negotiations and improved domestic climate and energy law in countries whose civil servants will be attending the LLM in Climate and Energy Law.

Contact us


Climate and Energy Law

Qualification: LLM, Start date: Sep 2019, Mode of delivery: online, full-time

Climate and Energy Law

Qualification: LLM, Start date: Sep 2019, Mode of delivery: online, part-time

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