LLM Global Environmental Law & Governance

Sign up to hear about upcoming events, news and scholarships related to this programme.
Strathclyde Law School information session Wednesday 5 June 2024, 2 pm to 3pm. Programme leaders for Strathclyde Law School postgraduate programmes will talk you through course content, teaching, research options and what previous students have gone on to do after graduation.

Key facts

  • Start date: September & January
  • Study mode and duration: 12 months full-time; 24 months part-time
  • Scholarships: EU Engagement Scholarships worth £10,000 available to applicants from EU countries

Study with us

  • learn to critically appraise and creatively contribute to global environmental law and governance 
  • develop the skills and expertise to pursue a career in areas of global environmental law and governance
  • combine cutting-edge theoretical knowledge and practice in thematic areas in global environmental law and governance 
  • experience a tailored and bespoke teaching environment where you'll be working closely with your peers and faculty
  • benefit from guest lectures: internationally recognised guest speakers from international organisations, leading international law firms and large NGOs
  • opportunity to undertake an internship with the International Institute of Environment and Development (IIED) and to collaborate with the Climate Change Legal Initiative (C2LI)
Back to course

Why this course?

In a globalised world, present-day law practitioners need to understand how environmental law develops and operates across levels of governance. There's also a growing sense that the legal practices of indigenous peoples and local communities, business entities, local administrations, and transnational environmental practitioners are increasingly relevant for environmental governance. 

The LLM in Global Environmental Law & Governance provides such innovative and transversal perspectives, moving beyond the traditional approach to teaching international, regional, EU and domestic environmental law in isolation one from another. 

A unique aspect of this programme is the ability for students to specialise in Ocean Law. Depending upon which electives you select, you can choose to graduate with an LLM in Global Environmental Law & Governance with a specialisation in Ocean Law. Electives are chosen when you arrive on campus and you´ll receive advice and guidance from course staff in making this choice. 

Throughout the programme, you'll gain insights from the work and activities of environmental law experts at the Strathclyde Law School, including, amongst others, the One Ocean Hub and the Climate Change Legal Initiative (C2LI). 

Studying this course, you'll be equipped with a wide range of expertise in global environmental law and governance, in areas such as:

  • biodiversity
  • land
  • food and agriculture
  • water and oceans
  • climate change and energy
  • corporate accountability
  • environmental justice
  • human rights and rights of nature
  • sustainable development

You'll focus on the global dynamics of environmental law. In particular, you'll look at the mutual influences and interactions among different regulatory levels.

The programme draws both on cutting-edge academic research on global environmental law and governance and on first-hand professional experience at different levels.

Antonio Cardesa-Salzmann

The programme leader for the LLM Global Environmental Law & Governance is Antonio Cardesa-Salzmann.

THE Awards 2019: UK University of the Year Winner

Our students

Kyle Fawkes law student

Kyle Fawkes

The highlight of my time at Strathclyde has been partaking in interactive sessions with my classmates. The students in my programme hail from countries across four continents and each brings a unique academic or practical background to the class discussions. Many of the virtual activities have promoted intercultural exchanges and collaboration.
Female student pictured outside

Hannah Dusauchoit

At Strathclyde, you have a close connection with your professors. They are so approachable, open for questions and always ready to help . The University provides a lot of facilities for its students, it is almost unbelievable.
Nicola Sharman smiling at the camera

Nicola Sharman

I really felt that the LLM students were warmly welcomed into the wider SCELG research community through the various activities that we were encouraged to take part in beyond our core coursework, from participating in regular research and discussion groups, to having the opportunity to assist on specific research projects, to attending events and social meet-ups.

How to become a lawyer

There are different routes to a career in law. The choices you make now can affect the steps you would need to take to achieve your desired career in law. Here we explore the process of becoming a lawyer in Scotland and look at the different roles available within the law profession.

How to become a lawyer

Go back

Course content

Public International Law and the Environment

This class will introduce you to the foundations of public international law, including its subjects, sources, principles and measures of implementation. It will address how this body of law has evolved over time to address the needs of environmental protection in transboundary and global settings.  

It will also provide you with a basic understanding of how compliance and dispute settlement operate in international environmental law, with special focus on the environmental case law of the International Court of Justice. 

Global Environmental Law: Issues of Sustainability and Equity

This module appraises the operation of environmental law from a ‘global’ perspective.  

Accordingly, seminars will assess the interactions and mutual influences between international, regional, national and sub-national legal processes (including the customary laws of indigenous peoples and local communities, and law-making by other non-state actors). This module also lends itself to explore and discuss critically theories, methods, and challenges of comparative environmental law in a genuinely global perspective. In so doing, it attempts to contribute toward decolonising the curriculum of environmental law teaching, emphasising current and historical injustice at the root of environmental conflicts throughout the world. 

Environmental Treaties: Fragmentation and Regime Interactions

In the past half-century, the scope of international law has increased dramatically. From a tool dedicated to the regulation of formal diplomacy, international law has expanded to deal with the most varied kinds of international activity, from trade to environmental protection, and from human rights to scientific and technological cooperation. Most of this expansion has taken place through international treaties and institutions. International environmental treaties provide a case in point, both in terms of their relationship with other fields of international law (e.g., international trade law) and in terms of the relationship between its constituent parts (i.e. the various geographically and functionally limited regimes that make up its corpus).  

This module will provide an overview of global and regional environmental treaty regimes. It will explore the causes, manifestations, and implications of this deficit, and the ways in which policy coherence, mutual supportiveness, and synergies in implementation can be promoted. 

The opportunity to select from our range of elective classes gives you the chance to pursue your personal interests and tailor your degree to your intended career path. Options include: 

Blue Economy and International Law

This module will engage with the notions and agendas of the Blue Economy. It will assess how international and comparative legal processes can contribute to sustainability. 

International Climate Change Law

This module will explore the evolving nature and distinctive components of the international legal framework on climate change.

Oceans Governance & the Law of the Sea

This module will explore the main legal regimes related the oceans and seas, with an in-depth focus on recent developments in marine governance in the context of sustainable development. 

Fisheries Law and Sustainability

This module will provide an overview of regional and sectoral fisheries regimes. In so doing, it will also allow students to engage critically with the contribution of this area of international and comparative law to competing visions of sustainability. 

Learning & teaching

The course will be taught primarily through face-to-face sessions in the form of weekly interactive seminars. Seminars give you the chance to make sure you've fully understood the subject matter, but also to develop and discuss ideas with your peers, and to develop specific research interests.

You'll be expected to draw on the knowledge and skills you've developed in your undergraduate studies, as well as on other professional or academic experience you've acquired since then, and share them with fellow course participants.

In addition to taught seminars, you'll benefit from a wide-range of activities organised by the Strathclyde Law School to allow you to broaden your knowledge of and skills in environmental law and policy. 

The course is taught by one of the most wide-ranging groups of environmental law experts in the UK. They'll not only draw from their own cutting-edge academic research, but also their involvement in multilateral environmental negotiations, consultancies for the United Nations and regional organisations, legal advice to developing countries on reforms of natural resource laws, and collaborations with non-government organisations and indigenous and local communities’ organisations.

Some of your classes will also include input from many of our external experts and practitioners. 


Assessment is based on your performance in coursework. Students seeking award of the Masters degree (LLM) will need to complete a dissertation.

Some of the assessments will be based on real-life assignments that the teaching staff have engaged with, in the context of their practical experience in international consultancies, with a view to developing your skills of immediate relevance to global employers.

Chat to a student ambassador

If you want to know more about what it’s like to be a Humanities & Social Sciences student at the University of Strathclyde, a selection of our current students are here to help!

Our Unibuddy ambassadors can answer all the questions you might have about courses and studying at Strathclyde, along with offering insight into their experiences of life in Glasgow and Scotland.

Chat to a student ambassador
Back to course

Entry requirements

Academic requirements/experience

First- or second-class Honours degree, or overseas equivalent, in law or an environmental-related discipline (some law content recommended). Entry may be possible with other qualifications and substantial professional experience in the area of environmental law, policy and/or management.

Please note: a Law degree is not a prerequisite for entry to this course.

English language requirements

Please check our English requirements before making your application.

Interested in postgraduate study?

At the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, our friendly and knowledgeable team will be available to provide you with all the information you need to kick-start your postgraduate journey at the University of Strathclyde. Register for upcoming events below:

Pre-Masters preparation course

The Pre-Masters Programme is a preparation course held at the University of Strathclyde International Study Centre, for international students (non-UK/Ireland) who do not meet the academic entry requirements for a Masters degree at University of Strathclyde.

Upon successful completion, you'll be able to progress to this degree course at the University of Strathclyde.

Please note: Previous Maths & English qualifications and your undergraduate degree must meet GTCS minimum entry requirements as well as the pre-Masters course and an interview will be conducted before an offer can be made.

Studying in Glasgow

Hear what Dimitra-Dorothea Karamolegkou enjoys most about studying at Strathclyde:

International students

We've a thriving international community with students coming here to study from over 140 countries across the world. Find out all you need to know about studying in Glasgow at Strathclyde and hear from students about their experiences.

Visit our international students' section

Back to course

Fees & funding

All fees quoted are for full-time courses and per academic year unless stated otherwise.

Fees may be subject to updates to maintain accuracy. Tuition fees will be notified in your offer letter.

All fees are in £ sterling, unless otherwise stated, and may be subject to revision.

Annual revision of fees

Students on programmes of study of more than one year (or studying standalone modules) should be aware that tuition fees are revised annually and may increase in subsequent years of study. Annual increases will generally reflect UK inflation rates and increases to programme delivery costs.

Go back


England, Wales & Northern Ireland




Available scholarships

British Council GREAT Scholarships 2024 for Justice and Law: scholarships worth £10,000 open to applications from students from Bangladesh, Ghana, Kenya or Pakistan.

Take a look at our scholarships search for funding opportunities.

Additional costs

No additional costs for law modules and all compulsory material is in the library.

International students may have associated visa and immigration costs. Please see student visa guidance for more information.

Please note: the fees shown are annual and may be subject to an increase each year. Find out more about fees.

How can I fund my course?

Go back

Scottish postgraduate students

Scottish postgraduate students may be able to apply for support from the Student Awards Agency Scotland (SAAS). The support is in the form of a tuition fee loan and for eligible students, a living cost loan. Find out more about the support and how to apply.

Don’t forget to check our scholarship search for more help with fees and funding.

Go back

Students coming from England

Students ordinarily resident in England may be to apply for postgraduate support from Student Finance England. The support is a loan of up to £10,280 which can be used for both tuition fees and living costs. Find out more about the support and how to apply.

Don’t forget to check our scholarship search for more help with fees and funding.

Go back

Students coming from Wales

Students ordinarily resident in Wales may be to apply for postgraduate support from Student Finance Wales. The support is a loan of up to £10,280 which can be used for both tuition fees and living costs. Find out more about the support and how to apply.

Don’t forget to check our scholarship search for more help with fees and funding.

Go back

Students coming from Northern Ireland

Postgraduate students who are ordinarily resident in Northern Ireland may be able to apply for support from Student Finance Northern Ireland. The support is a tuition fee loan of up to £5,500. Find out more about the support and how to apply.

Don’t forget to check our scholarship search for more help with fees and funding.

Go back

International students

We've a large range of scholarships available to help you fund your studies. Check our scholarship search for more help with fees and funding.

Faculty of Humanities & Social Sciences Scholarships

  • EU Engagement Scholarships are available to EU applicants who would have previously been eligible for Home (Scottish/EU) fee status.
  • EU and International 50% Merit Scholarships available to self-funded, international fee-paying offer-holders (includes those classed as EU fee group). The scholarship entitles the recipient to a discount of 50% on tuition fees.
View all our scholarships
Back to course


The LLM Global Environmental Law & Governance is one of two programmes in the UK to offer a guaranteed internship to a selected number of its students with the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED). IIED is a leading international NGO with offices in Edinburgh working in a diverse range of areas of global environmental law and governance, including climate change and investment and natural resources amongst others.

Students on the LLM may also have the opportunity to engage with the Climate Change Legal Initiative (C2LI), where they'll work as research assistants. In the past LLM students have also collaborated closely with staff affiliated with the LLM on individual projects and consultancies with international organisations, leading NGOs and national governments.

This course has been designed to equip you with the knowledge, understanding and analytical skills necessary for pursuing a career with a strong international focus. You may go on to work as:

  • legal advisors and legislative drafters for national and local governments
  • legal advisors to local, national and international think tanks and non-profit organisations
  • legal and policy officers for international organisations (United Nations, European Commission)
  • legal and policy advisors to private companies
  • associates in international and transnational environmental law firms
  • PhD researchers and university lecturers

Staff affiliated to the LLM have a track record of successfully supporting students in obtaining highly competitive international internships and jobs with reputable research institutes, international organisations and non-government organisations. Supporting activities include:

  • review of applications
  • provision of targeted career advice
  • integration of new students in a vibrant, cross-programme alumni community, so as to foster networking activities
  • collaborations on matters pertaining to global environmental law and governance after the completion of the LLM

LLM students will become part of a closed alumni group on LinkedIn. This will give you the opportunity to network with other professionals in environmental law and governance. It'll also ensure you're updated on selected job opportunities.



Glasgow is Scotland's biggest & most cosmopolitan city

Our campus is based right in the very heart of Glasgow. We're in the city centre, next to the Merchant City, both of which are great locations for sightseeing, shopping and socialising alongside your studies.

Life in Glasgow

Back to course


Start date: Sep 2024

Global Environmental Law and Governance

Start date: Sep 2024

Start date: Sep 2024

Global Environmental Law and Governance

Start date: Sep 2024

Start date: Jan 2025

Global Environmental Law and Governance (January)

Start date: Jan 2025

Start date: Jan 2025

Global Environmental Law and Governance (January)

Start date: Jan 2025

Back to course

Contact us

Prospective student enquiries

Contact a member of our team on LiveChat between 10am and 4pm (GMT)

Telephone: +44 (0) 141 444 8600