eduroam is a modern enterprise-class wireless network offering robust security and client protection (technically, "802.1X WPA Enterprise security").
The wireless service is provisioned by wireless access points (WAPs), which are distributed around the residences. The WAPs meet the 802.11ac standard, which at the 5 GHz frequency band can deliver over 1000 Mb/s to a fully capable device under absolutely ideal conditions. In practice, there are many limitations that mean a more realistic maximum to a single device is of the order of 100 Mb/s. All devices connected to the wireless access point share this capacity, so the actual "speed” experienced at any time to any particular one of them is generally less than this (see later question on wireless performance for more information).
Some devices are only able to operate in the legacy 2.4 GHz frequency band. The speed available to such devices is much less, and the potential for interference much more.
As an attempt to provide some meaning to these figures:
- 5 Mb/s is recommended for HD streaming from Netflix
- 3.5 Mb/s is recommended for HD streaming from Amazon Prime
- 1.5 Mb/s recommended for an HD Skype video call
- 300 kb/s minimum for a Skype video call
- 256 kb/s is recommended for streaming from Apple Music
- 160 kb/s for high quality streaming from Spotify
Note that where devices are being used for online gaming, other than for download of updates, a more significant factor affecting the gaming experience is the latency (also referred to as round trip or "ping” time). Because of the nature of the wireless medium, an additional 10ms could be added to the round trip time experienced by a wired device in a similar part of the network. However, this round trip time could be quite variable, decreasing and increasing due to changing factors in the environment such as people going by, and other devices consuming some of the WAP resources. This variability is called "jitter”, and can also affect the gaming experience.