Glasses filled with different kinds of seeds

Strathclyde Centre for Environmental Law & Governance Areas of expertise


We are investigating the role of law in contributing to the conservation of the diversity of life on earth and responding to the needs of the vulnerable. We are particularly interested in: 

  • the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities as the holders of traditional knowledge and as ecosystem stewards
  • the relationship between the sustainable use of biological resources and extractives
  • effective and equitable protected areas
  • marine biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction
  • biotechnology and biosafety 
  • fair and equitable benefit-sharing

“The principle of benefit-sharing was certainly the most innovative aspect of the Convention [on Biological Diversity], in a clear recognition of the role of developing countries and their indigenous and local communities as the custodians of the bulk of the world’s biodiversity and in recognition of the need to reduce the enormous global asymmetries between the haves and the haves-not.” Braulio Dias, Executive Secretary of the Convention on Biological Diversity. 

We are collaborating with the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and IUCN on cutting-edge legal questions related to biodiversity. We are engaging a variety of CBD stakeholders in our research projects and regularly share our research findings at CBD meetings.

Publications on biodiversity

  • Elsa Tsioumani, Mike Muzurakis, Yannis Ieropoulos and Asterios Tsioumanis, "Following the Open Source Trail Outside the Digital World: Open Source Applications in Agricultural Research and Development", (2016) 14 tripleC 145-162 - open access at 
  • Elisa Morgera and Miranda Geelhoed, "Consultancy report to the European Commission on the notion of 'utilization' under the Nagoya Protocol and the EU ABS Regulation for Upstream Actors" (2016)
  • Elisa Morgera, Elsa Tsioumani and Matthias Buck, "Unravelling the Nagoya Protocol: A commentary on the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-sharing to the Convention on Biological Diversity" (Martinus Nijhoff, 2014)
  • Elisa Morgera, "The Ecosystem Approach under the Convention on Biological Diversity: A Legal Research Agenda" (SSRN, 2015)

Take a look at more of our publications