Hand holding three piles of coins

Entrepreneurship Social enterprise, CSR & philanthropy

Entrepreneurial philanthropy is an area of special interest to us. Eleanor Shaw is currently Principal Investigator of an ESRC-funded project exploring entrepreneurial philanthropy. The project contributes to the programme of research being undertaken by the UK-wide Centre for Charitable Giving and Philanthropy. Our partnership in this ESRC co-funded centre (in collaboration with Cass, Edinburgh, Kent and Southampton business schools) highlights our commitment to researching the creation of both business value and social value.

Publications in this area include studies of contemporary philanthropy by entrepreneurs, as well as analysis of classical examples, like Andrew Carnegie. Martin Gannon’s PhD research focuses on the dynamics and influences of philanthropic family foundations.

Social enterprise is another key focus of our research. We've conducted several studies considering specific aspects of this growing phenomenon, including:

  • theoretical antecedents and empirical analysis (Eleanor Shaw and Sara Carter)
  • marketing in social enterprises (Eleanor Shaw)
  • innovation in the social economy (Dominic Chalmers, Katerina Nicolopoulou)
  • educating social entrepreneurs (Katerina Nicolopoulou)

Katerina Nicolopoulou has also worked extensively in the fields of Corporate Social Responsibility and sustainability. Other Hunter Centre scholars have explored the role of religion and spirituality in entrepreneurial activity (Samuel Mwauru, Sarah Dodd).

Our key publications

Social Enterprise

Nicolopoulou, K (2014) ‘Social Entrepreneurship between Cross-Currents: towards a framework for theoretical restructuring of the field’, Journal of Small Business Management (accepted for publication 2014)

de Bruin, A., Shaw, E. and Chalmers, D. (forthcoming March 2014) ‘Social Entrepreneurship: Looking Back, Moving Ahead’ in Chell, E. & Karataş-Özkan, M. (eds) Handbook of Research in Entrepreneurship and Small Business, Cheltenham, UK, Northampton, MA, USA, Edward Elgar. pp. 392-416

Levie, J., & Hart, M. (2011). Business and social entrepreneurs in the UK: gender, context and commitment. International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, 3(3), 200-217.

Shaw, E., & Carter, S. (2007). Social entrepreneurship: Theoretical antecedents and empirical analysis of entrepreneurial processes and outcomes. Journal of small business and enterprise development, 14(3), 418-434.

Shaw, E. (2004). Marketing in the social enterprise context: is it entrepreneurial? Qualitative Market Research: An International Journal, 7(3), 194-205.

Innovation for social enterprise : inter-disciplinary and cultural perspectives Elizabeth Chell, Nicolopoulou Katerina, Karataş-Özkan Mine, Entrepreneurship & Regional Development Vol 22, No. 6, pp. 485-493 (2010)

CSR and social entrepreneurship : future global opportunities and challenges in corporate community involvement strategies Nicolopoulou Katerina, Karatas-Ozkan Mine, International Journal of Business and Globalisation Vol 3, No. 2, pp. 173-187 (2009)

Social entrepreneurship education : policy, core themes and developmental competencies Chell Elizabeth, Karatas-Ozkan Mine, Nicolopoulou Katerina, International Journal of Entrepreneurship Education Vol 5, (2007)

Innovating not-for-profit social ventures : exploring the microfoundations of internal and external absorptive capacity routines Chalmers Dominic, Balan-Vnuk Eva, International Small Business Journal (accepted for publication 2014)

Social innovation : an exploration of the barriers faced by innovating organizations in the social economy Chalmers Dominic, Local Economy Vol 28, No. 1, pp. 17-34 (2013)


Harvey Charles, MacLean Mairi, Gordon Jillian, Shaw Eleanor, Andrew Carnegie and the foundations of contemporary entrepreneurial philanthropy Business History Vol 53, No. 3, pp. 425-450 (2011)

Shaw Eleanor, Gordon Jillian, Harvey Charles, MacLean Mairi, Exploring contemporary entrepreneurial philanthropy International Small Business Journal Vol 31, No. 5, pp. 580-599 (2013)

Social entrepreneurship between cross-currents : towards a framework of theoretical restructuring of the field

CSR, Organisational Equality and Diversity

Tatli Ahu, Nicolopoulou Katerina, Ozbilgin Mustafa, Karatas-Ozkan Mine, Bilgehan-Ozturk Mustafa, Questioning impact : interconnection between extra-organizational resources and agency of equality and diversity officers International Journal of Human Resource Management (accepted for publication 2014)

Nicolopoulou Katerina, Towards a theoretical framework for knowledge transfer in the field of CSR and sustainability Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal Vol 30, No. 6, pp. 524-538 (2011)